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Editors and Advisory Boards

Editor in Chief

John L. Esposito

University Professor, Professor of Religion & International Affairs and Professor of Islamic Studies
Georgetown University
Founding Director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding

John L. Esposito is a renowned scholar of Islam, political Islam from North Africa to Southeast Asia, and Religion and International Affairs. He is editor in chief of the four-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, The Oxford History of Islam, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, and The Islamic World: Past and Present. His more than thirty books include The Future of Islam; Islamophobia and the Challenge of Pluralism in the 21st Century; Unholy War: Terror in the Name of Islam; The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality?; Islam and Politics; Political Islam: Radicalism, Revolution or Reform?; and Islam and Democracy (with J. Voll). His writings have been translated into more than thirty-five languages, including Arabic, Turkish, Persian, Indonesian, Urdu, numerous European languages, Japanese, and Chinese.

President of the American Academy of Religion and an Ambassador for the U.N. Alliance of Civilizations, Esposito is a member of the World Economic Forum's Council of 100 Leaders, as well as a former president of the Middle East Studies Association. Esposito is also a recipient of the American Academy of Religion's 2005 Martin E. Marty Award for the Public Understanding of Religion and of Pakistan's Hilal-i Quaid-i-Azam Award for outstanding contributions in Islamic studies. He has served as a consultant to the U.S. Department of State, and to governments, corporations, universities, and the media. In 2003 he received the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University Award for Outstanding Teaching.

Deputy Editor

Natana J. DeLong-Bas

Lecturer in Theology
Boston College

Natana J. DeLong-Bas is the author of Jihad for Islam: The Struggle for the Future of Saudi Arabia (Oxford, forthcoming); Wahhabi Islam: From Revival and Reform to Global Jihad (rev. ed., 2008, named "1 of the 5 best books for understanding Islam" by the Wall Street Journal and translated into Russian and Arabic); and Notable Muslims: Muslim Builders of World Civilization and Culture; and coauthor of Women in Muslim Family Law (with John L. Esposito, rev. ed. 2001). She is Editor-in-Chief of The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women (2013, winner of the 2014 Prose Award Honorable Mention for multi-volume reference from the American Publishing Association) and Deputy Editor of The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World and Oxford Islamic Studies Online (2008), as well as serving on the Founding Advisory Board for Oxford Bibliographies Online – Islamic Studies and the Academic Council for the Prince Alwaleed bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding at Georgetown University. Vice-President of the American Council for the Study of Islamic Societies (ACSIS) and a member of the Advisory Board for the King Faisal Center for Research and Islamic Studies, she is an expert on the Arabian Gulf, women and gender, and terrorism and extremism and serves as a consultant to the media, the United Nations, the US and international governments and corporations. She is a member of The British Council's Our Shared Future Opinion Leaders Network. Her Op-Ed pieces on contemporary issues in Islam and Christianity have been published in the US, Europe, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. She is Assistant Professor of the Practice in Theology and Islamic Civilizations and Societies at Boston College.

Senior Editors

Shahrough Akhavi

Professor of Political Science
Columbia University

Shahrough Akhavi is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of South Carolina, and has been teaching as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Political Science at Columbia University since 2011. He received his B.A. from Brown University, his M.A. from Harvard University, and his Ph.D. from Columbia University. Akhavi has conducted field research in Iran and Egypt in the sociology of Islam and social theory, with grants from the Ford Foundation, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Fulbright Senior Scholar Program, and the Social Science Research Council. He has served in the field of Iranian studies in various capacities, including as President of the Society for Iranian Studies from 2002 to 2003.

Akhavi is the author of Religion and Politics in Contemporary Iran and Middle Eastern Political Theories (forthcoming, 2009). He has also published approximately forty articles in diverse professional journals and books. He was editor of the Middle Eastern Series at the State University of New York Press and the Middle East Series in Politics, History and Law at Routledge Publishers. Akhavi served as section editor for the multi-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, senior consultant for The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, and senior editor of the multi-volume Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World (forthcoming, 2008). He has presented papers, public lectures, and workshop presentations at leading universities throughout the world, including Harvard University, Yale University, McGill University, the University of Toronto, the University of Leiden, the Free University of Berlin, the American University in Cairo, and Tehran University. His current field of research is the dialectics of scripturalist and modernist discourses in contemporary Islamic thought.

Ibrahim Kalin

Assistant Professor, Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding
Georgetown University

Ibrahim Kalin is a faculty member at the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Georgetown University. He received his B. A. from the University of Istanbul and Ph. D. from George Washington University.

Kalin has published widely on Islamic philosophy and the relations between Islam and the West. His book Knowledge in Later Islamic Philosophy: Mulla Sadra on Existence, Intellect and Intuition (Oxford, forthcoming, 2009) analyzes Mulla Sadra's attempt to recast knowledge in terms of existence and its modalities. His book Islam and the West was awarded the 2007 Writers Association of Turkey award for best book. He has contributed to several encyclopedias including MacMillan Encyclopedia of Philosophy 2nd Edition, Encyclopedia of Religion 2nd Edition, Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy and the Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World.

Kalin has lectured on contemporary issues in various parts of the world and has traveled extensively in both Islamic and Western countries. Before joining Georgetown University, he was a faculty member at the Department of Religious Studies at the College of the Holy Cross. Kalin is also the founding director of the SETA Foundation for Political, Economic and Social Research based in Ankara, Turkey.

James Piscatori

Fellow of Wadham College and the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies
Member of the Faculties of Social Studies and Oriental Studies
University of Oxford

James Piscatori was formerly Professor in the Department of International Politics at the University of Wales, and Research Fellow at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, London. Piscatori is the author of Islam in a World of Nation-States and Muslim Politics (with Dale F. Eickelman). He is the editor of Islam in the Political Process and co-editor of Muslim Travellers: Pilgrimage, Migration, and the Religious Imagination. His article, "Islam, Islamists, and the Electoral Principle" appeared as the first in a series of papers for the International Institute for the Study of the Modern Muslim World (Leiden).

Piscatori serves on the editorial boards of various journals, including: The Journal of Islamic Studies; The Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs; and Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations. He is a member of the Academic Council of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Georgetown University. In November 2004 he delivered the Elie Kedourie Memorial Lecture of the British Academy, "Imagining Pan-Islam: Religious Activism and Political Utopias."

Tamara Sonn

William R. Kenan Distinguished Professor of Humanities in the Department of Religious Studies
College of William and Mary

Tamara Sonn specializes in Islamic intellectual history and Islam in the contemporary world. Her books include A Brief History of Islam; Interpreting Islam: Bandali Jawzi's Islamic Intellectual History; Islam and the Question of Minorities; Comparing Religions through Law: Judaism and Islam (with J. Neusner); and Judaism and Islam in Practice (with J. Neusner and J. Brockopp). She has contributed chapters and articles to numerous books and journals, as well as the Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, the Encyclopedia of Women and Religion, and Colliers Encyclopedia. She was senior editor of the Oxford Dictionary of Islam and associate editor of The Islamic World Past and Present. She is also editor in chief of Religion Compass, Blackwell's online journal of religious studies, and a member of the editorial boards of the Muslim World, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, and Studies in Contemporary Islam.

John O. Voll

Professor of Islamic History
Associate Director of the Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding
Georgetown University

John O. Voll graduated from Dartmouth College and received his Ph.D. in History and Middle Eastern Studies from Harvard University. He taught at the University of New Hampshire for thirty years before joining Georgetown University in 1995. He is a past president of the Middle East Studies Association, and has served on the boards of a number of scholarly associations including the American Council of Learned Societies and the World History Association. He is the author of Islam: Continuity and Change in the Modern World; Islam and Democracy; and Makers of Contemporary Islam (co-author with John L. Esposito). He is author, editor, or co-editor of eight additional books and numerous articles and chapters on Islamic and world history.

The Library Advisory Board for Oxford Islamic Studies Online

Paul Auchterlonie is currently Librarian for Middle East Studies at the University of Exeter and Chair of the Middle East Libraries Committee (UK). Having graduated with a degree in Arabic from the University of Oxford in 1970, he studied Library Science at the University of London, and took up his first professional post in 1972 as Middle East Librarian at the University of Lancaster. In 1981, he moved to the University of Exeter, where he has been based ever since. He is a member of MELCOM (UK), of MELCOM International, and of the British Society for Middle East Studies and has served on numerous committees dealing with area studies librarianship. He is the author of several bibliographies, articles and book reviews in the field of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies.

Brenda Bickett is the Bibliographer at Georgetown University Library for the Arabic and Islamic Studies Department at the Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, the Center for Eurasian, Russian and East European Studies, the Division of Eastern Mediterranean Languages, the Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, and the Slavic Languages Department.

Ali Houissa is the Middle East and Islamic Studies Bibliographer at Cornell University Library, Ithaca, New York since 1988. A graduate of the School of Library and Information Science, Indiana University, Bloomington in 1988; Fachhochschule för Bibilotheks-und Dokumentationswesen, Cologne, West Germany, 1986 Ph.D.-level [Thesis: Das öffentliche Bibliothekswesen in Tunesien]. Served as an elected member of the Executive Board of the Middle East Librarians' Association of North America (MELA). Elected Councilor-at-Large of the American Library Association (ALA), 2003-2006. Elected President of the MELA, 2005-2007.

William J. Kopycki has been the Middle East Bibliographer and head of Middle East Technical Services at University of Pennsylvania Libraries since 2003. William is responsible for the selection, acquisition and cataloging of library materials from and about the Middle East in support of Penn's relevant programs and research activities. He holds a Master's Degree in Arabic Literature from the American University in Cairo (1996) and a Master's Degree in Library and Information Science from University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee (2000). When not in the office he is usually traveling to the Middle East to acquire materials for the library and is involved in several international library projects in the region.

Mark Levine, manager of the History/Biography/Religion Division at the main branch of Brooklyn Public Library, graduated magna cum laude with a B.A in English from SUNY Albany, and received his MLS from the same institution. Previously he was the manager of two branches in the Brooklyn system. His main areas of interest and expertise are American history and comparative religion.

Kristina Ruelos received her BA and MA from New York University's Gallatin School of Individualized Study. She graduated with an MLIS from the University of Pittsburgh. She is currently the Senior Librarian of the Social Science, Philosophy and Religion Department of the Los Angeles Public Library.

Guest Editors

Imtiyaz Yusuf

Program Director, Department of Religion
Assumption University
Bangkok, Thailand

Dr. Imtiyaz Yusuf is the Director of the Center for Buddhist-Muslim Understanding at Mahidol University in Salaya, Thailand. He specializes in Religion with a focus on Islam in Southeast Asia and also Muslim-Buddhist dialogue. Before that, Dr. Yusuf served as Senior Fellow, Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Center for Muslim-Christian Understanding, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. In 2009–2010, he was visiting Associate Professor and Malaysia Chair of Islam in Southeast Asia at ACMCU, Georgetown University, Washington DC, USA.

Dr. Yusuf and Prof. John L. Esposito are the guest editors of the American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences – Special Issue – A Commemoration of The Life and Works of Ismail al Faruqi Vol. 28, No. 3 August 2011. His forthcoming book is Islam and Knowledge: The Concept of Religion in Islamic Thought. (London: I. B. Tauris, 2012). Dr. Yusuf was also the special Editor of The Muslim World – A Special Issue on Islam and Buddhism Vol. 100, Nos 2-3 April/July 2010. His other recent publications are Religion, Politics and Globalization – Implications for Thailand and Asia (2009); Religion and Human Development (2009). He has also contributed to The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World (2009); The Oxford Dictionary of Islam (2003); Encyclopedia of the Qur'an (2002); and The Oxford Encyclopedia of Modern Islamic World (1995).

Dr. Yusuf recently published following articles: "Islamic Theology of Religious Pluralism: Quran's Attitude Towards Other Religions" Prajna Vihara Vol. 11 No. 1 January-June 2010 : 123-140; "The Role of the Chularajmontri (Shaykh al-Islam) in Resolving Ethno-religious Conflict in Southern Thailand" American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences Vol. 27 No. 1 (2010) 31-53; "Dialogue Between Islam and Buddhism through the Concepts Ummatan Wasatan (The Middle Nation) and Majjhima-Patipada (The Middle Way)" Islamic Studies 48:3 (2009) pp. 367–394; "The Thai Muslims and the Participation in the Democratic Process: The Case of 2007 Elections" Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs Vol. 29, No. 3, (2009) : 325-336; "The Southern Thailand Conflict and the Muslim World" in Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs Vol. 27, No. 2 (2007) 319-339 and "Dialogue between Islam and Buddhism Through The Concepts of Tathagata and Nur Muhammadi in International Journal of Buddhist Thought and Culture, Vol. 5 (2005) : 103-114.

Dr. Yusuf is also a regular columnist for The Nation a Bangkok newspaper, he writes columns on Islam, the Muslim world and religion.

Randall L. Pouwels

Dr. Pouwels is the Regional Editor of the East Africa Regional Spotlight, scheduled for online publication in Spring 2012. His primary areas of research are in historical reconstruction from oral traditions, archaeology, historical linguistics, and African religious and cultural history (with particular reference to Islam). He most recently served as a Professor of History at the University of Central Arkansas, and his publications include The African and Middle Eastern World, 600–1500 (Oxford, 2005), Horn and Crescent: Cultural Change and Traditional Islam on the East African Coast, 800–1900 (Cambridge, 2002), along with articles and reviews in The American Historical Review, Cahiers d'Etudes Africaines, The International Journal of African Historical Studies, The International Journal of Middle East Studies, and The Journal of African History.

Benjamin Soares

Senior Researcher, Afrika-Studiecentrum, Leiden, The Netherlands
Fellow, Leiden University Centre for the Study of Islam & Society

Benjamin Soares (co-editor, West Africa Regional Spotlight, Fall 2012) is a scholar of Islam and Muslim societies in Africa whose research focuses particularly on religious life in West Africa from the late 19th century to the present. He received his Ph.D. in anthropology from Northwestern University and has held fellowships at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris and at the University of Chicago. He has taught at Northwestern University, the University of Chicago, and the University of Sussex. His publications include Islam and the Prayer Economy: History and Authority in a Malian Town (2005), Islam, Politics, Anthropology (edited with Filippo Osella, 2010), Muslim-Christian Encounters in Africa (editor, 2006) and two edited collections with political scientist René Otayek, Islam, État et société en Afrique (2009) and Islam and Muslim Politics in Africa (2007), which will appear in Arabic translation (2012).

Rüdiger Seesemann

Heisenberg Professor of Islamic Studies, University of Bayreuth (Germany)

Rüdiger Seesemann (co-editor, West Africa Regional Spotlight, Fall 2012) received his doctorate in Islamic Studies from the University of Mainz (Germany, 1993) and completed his Habilitation at the University of Bayreuth in 2004. From 2005 to 2011 he worked as Assistant Professor of Religious Studies at Northwestern University Evanston, IL. Seesemann has done extensive research in various West and East African countries (most notably Senegal, Sudan, and Kenya) on a variety of topics including Sufism, Islam and modernity, Islam and politics, Islamism, and Islamic knowledge and education. He is the author of Ahmadu Bamba und die Entstehung der Muridiyya (Berlin: Schwarz, 1993), a monograph dealing with the founder of the Muridiyya, a Sufi order based in Senegal, and The Divine Flood: Ibrahim Niasse (1900-1975) and the Roots of a Twentieth-Century Sufi Revival (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011). Together with Roman Loimeier he has edited the collective volume The Global Worlds of the Swahili (Berlin: Lit Verlag, 2006). Seesemann is co-editor of the book series Islam in Africa (ISAF, Brill Academic Publishers) and deputy editor of the electronic journal Islamic Africa (Northwestern University Press).

Edward E. Curtis IV

Indiana University

Edward E. Curtis IV is Millennium Chair of the Liberal Arts and professor of religious studies at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI). He is the author or editor of several award-winning works on Muslim American studies, including Black Muslim Religion in the Nation of Islam, 1960-1975 (2006), the Columbia Sourcebook of Muslims in the United States (2008), the two-volume Encyclopedia of Muslim-American History (2010), and Muslims in America: A Short History, which was named one of the best books of 2009 by Publishers Weekly. His scholarship has also appeared in the Journal of the American Academy of Religion, American Quarterly, and Religion and American Culture.

A former NEH Fellow at the National Humanities Center, Dr. Curtis has been awarded Carnegie, Fulbright, and Mellon fellowships. He is co-founder of the Journal of Africana Religions. Since 9/11 Curtis has lectured frequently in the United States, Europe, and the Middle East on the role of Islam and Muslims in U.S. history and contemporary affairs. He has also contributed interviews and articles on the subject to the New York Times, the Washington Post, the New York Daily News, National Public Radio, and The Immanent Frame, among other media outlets. A native of Southern Illinois, he holds a doctorate in religious studies from the University of South Africa, a master's in history from Washington University, and a B.A. in religion from Kenyon College.

Mesut Idriz

University of Sarajevo

Mesut Idriz, a native of Macedonia, received his graduate and doctoral degrees from the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). Currently he is Professor of Comparative History of Civilizations, Law and Ethics, and Political Science courses at the International University of Sarajevo. Among his books is The Ijazah of 'Abdullah Fahim: A Unique Document from Islamic Education, analyzing and translating into English the Former Prime Minister of Malaysia Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's Grandfather's ijazah. He is co-translator of HE Ali Akbar Velayeti's voluminous work into English language namely Mawsū'ah al-Islām wa Irān (The Encyclopedia of Islam and Iran). His works have been published in English, Turkish, Albanian, Persian, French and Malay languages. His recent book is Turkish-Albanian Macedonian Relations: Past, Present and Future (2012). He is currently co-editing a book titled Islam in EuropeΧ Past Reflections and Future Prospects to be published by Oxford University Press (2014).

Jørgen S. Nielsen

University of Copenhagen

In 2007, Jørgen Nielsen assumed a five-year research chair financed by the Danish National Research Foundation, which is the core of the Centre for European Islamic Thought at the University of Copenhagen. His research is on Islam in Europe with a special focus on the political, social and institutional challenges Islam holds for the European communities. He has authored several books, including Muslim Participation in Europe, Muslims in Western Europe, and Towards a European Islam.

Jackie Armijo

Qatar University

Jacqueline Armijo (Ph.D. Harvard) is an Associate Professor in the Department of International Affairs at Qatar University. Her field of expertise is Islam in China, both the early history and the challenges facing China's diverse Muslim population today. She has published articles and book chapters on the revival of Islamic education in China, Muslim women in China, the role of women in the survival of a Muslim community in southwest China, and the rapidly developing ties between China and the countries of the Gulf.

Nyla Ali Khan

University of Oklahoma

Nyla Ali Khan is a faculty member at the University of Oklahoma and member of the Harvard-based Scholars Strategy Network. She is the author of The Fiction of Nationality in an Era of Transnationalism, Islam, Women, and Violence in Kashmir, and The Life of a Kashmiri Woman. She is also the editor of The Parchment of Kashmir, a contributor to The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Women, and a guest editor for Oxford Islamic Studies Online.

Kathleen Bailey

Boston College

Kathleen Bailey is the Associate Director of the Islamic Civilization and Societies Program at Boston College. She specializes in the area of ethnic and regional politics with a focus on the former Soviet space, especially Uzbekistan and Central Asia. She is the author of the forthcoming Clan and Politics in Uzbekistan.

Andrea Khalil

Queens College

Andrea Khalil is the author of Crowds and Politics in North Africa: Tunisia, Algeria and Libya and The Arab Avant-Garde: Experiments in North African Art and Literature, and is the editor of Gender, Women and the Arab Spring and North African Cinema in a Global Context: Through the Lens of Diaspora. She is Associate Professor of Comparative Literature at Queens College, City University of New York and specializes in the Literature and Film of North Africa and the Middle East, postcolonial studies, and film studies.

Nigel Fletcher-Jones

American University in Cairo Press

Nigel Fletcher-Jones is the director of the American University in Cairo Press, which publishes books ranging from general interest titles on Egypt and the Middle East to Arabic literature in translation. Fletcher-Jones earned his PhD in biological anthropology from Durham University in the United Kingdom, and has worked in the UK, the Netherlands, and the US for publishers such as Elsevier, Cell Press, Nature Publishing Group, and Blackwell Publishing Inc.

Heather J. Sharkey

University of Pennsylvania

Heather J. Sharkey is an Associate Professor in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations (NELC) at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of several scholarly works, including Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (University of California Press, 2003), American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire, (Princeton University Press, 2008), and A History of Muslims, Christians and Jews in the Middle East (Cambridge University Press, 2017). She is the editor of Cultural Conversions: Unexpected Consequences of Christian Missions in the Middle East, Africa and South Asia (Syracuse University Press, 2013); and, with Mehmet Ali Doğan, she co-edited American Missionaries and the Middle East: Foundational Encounters (University of Utah Press, 2011).

Brian Catlos

University of Colorado

Brian Catlos is a Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Colorado and is a Research Associate in Humanities at the University of California Santa Cruz.
He is Co-Director of The Mediterranean Seminar, an international forum for scholarly collaboration in Mediterranean Studies, and is a board member on various academic journals. He has authored numerous scholarly works, including the books Muslims of Medieval Latin Christendom, ca. 1050-1614 (Cambridge UP, 2014) Muslims of Latin Christendom and Infidel Kings and Unholy Warriors (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2015. In addition to his scholarly work, Dr. Catlos has contributed to chapters and updates for a number of guidebooks, and is the author of The Rough Guide to Languedoc & Roussillon (2010) he contributes chapters and updates for other guidebooks.

Ayman Shabana

Georgetown University

Ayman Shabana is the editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Islamic Bioethics, a joint project of Georgetown University and Oxford University Press. Shabana is Associate Research Professor at Georgetown's School of Foreign Service in Qatar (SFS-Q). Prior to joining SFS-Q, he taught at several institutions including the University of California, Los Angeles, the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Florida International University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles, his MA from Leiden University in the Netherlands, and his BA from al-Azhar University in Egypt. His teaching and research interests include Islamic legal history, Islamic law and ethics, human rights, and bioethics. He is the director of the Islamic Bioethics Project, which has been supported by three consecutive grants from Qatar National Research Fund’s National Priorities Research Program. In 2012 he received the Research Excellence Award at the Qatar Annual Research Forum and during the academic year 2013–2014 he was a visiting research fellow at the Islamic Legal Studies Program at Harvard Law School.

Samar Habib

Samar Habib is a writer, researcher, and scholar whose work focuses mainly on gender and sexuality in the Arab world and in Islam. Among her recent works is Female Homosexuality in the Middle East: Histories and Representations (Routledge, 2012).

Peter Mandaville

George Mason University

Peter Mandaville is Professor of International Affairs in the Schar School of Policy and Government at George Mason University. From 2015 to 2016 he served as Senior Adviser in the Secretary of State's Office of Religion & Global Affairs at the U.S. Department of State where he led that office's work on ISIS and sectarian conflict in the Middle East. He is the author of several books, including Islam & Politics (2014), as well as articles appearing in the International Herald Tribune, The Guardian, The Atlantic and Foreign Policy.

Ayman Shihadeh

SOAS University of London

Ayman Shihadeh is an intellectual historian of the Islamic world, specializing in the history of philosophy and theology. He is the author of numerous works on the Avicennan philosophical tradition, and is the editor of the Islamic Translation Series (Brill) and the Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies.

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