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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Edited by John L. Esposito

This dictionary focuses primarily on the 19th and 20th centuries, stressing topics of most interest to Westerners in a highly informative look at the religious, political, and social spheres of the modern Islamic world. Readers will find many entries on topics of intense current interest, such as terrorism and the Taliban, Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, the PLO and HAMAS. But the coverage goes well beyond recent headlines. There are biographical profiles, ranging from Naguib Mahfouz to Malcolm X, including political leaders, influential thinkers, poets, scientists, and writers. Other entries cover major political movements, militant groups, and religious sects as well as terms from Islamic law, culture, and religion, key historical events, and important landmarks such as Mecca and Medina. A series of entries looks at Islam in individual nations, such as Afghanistan, the West Bank and Gaza, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and the United States, and there are discussions of Islamic views on such issues as abortion, birth control, the Internet, the Rushdie Affair, and the theory of evolution.

Published by Oxford University Press, 2003.


A–B | C–E | F–J | K–O | P–S | T–Z | Maps

A–B

Abd
Abd al-Aziz, Shah
Abd al-Jabbar, Qadi
Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan
Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim
Abd al-Qadir
Abd al-Rahman, Aisha
Abd al-Raziq, Ali
Abd Allah
Abd Allah ibn Saba
Abd Allah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab
Abd el-Krim, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi
Abdali Dynasty
Abdel Rahman, Omar
Abduh, Muhammad
Abdul Rahman, Tunku
Abdulhamid II
Abdullah, Sheikh Muhammad
Abdulmejid, Sultan
ABIM
Ablutions
Abortion
Abraha
Abraham
Abrogation
Abu
Abu al-Tayyib Ahmad ibn al-Husayn
Abu Bakr al-Siddiq
Abu Bakr, Yasin
Abu Dharr al-Ghifari
Abu Hanifah, al-Numan ibn Thabit ibn Zuta
Abu Hurayrah
Abu Jahl
Abu Lahab
Abu Muslim al-Khurasani
Abu Sayyaf
Abu Sufyan
Abu Talib
Abu Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah
Abu Yusuf
Abu Zahra, Muhammad
Aceh
Ad
Adab
Adab al-Tabib
Adalet Partisi
Adam
Adat
Adhan
Adil Düzen
Adl wa'l-Hasan, al-
Adoption
Aesthetics
Afghani, Jamal al-Din al-
Afghanistan, Islam in
AFIC
Aflaton
African Islamic Center
African-Americans
Afsharid Dynasty
Afterlife
Afwaj al-Muqawamah al-Lubnaniyah
Aga Khan
Aga Khan Award for Architecture
Aga Khan Foundation
Agha
Aghlabids
Ahd
Ahidjo, Ahmadou
Ahl al-Adl wa'l-Tawhid
Ahl al-Bayt
Ahl al-Hadith
Ahl al-Hall wa'l-Aqd
Ahl al-Kitab
Ahl al-Quran
Ahl al-Sunnah wa'l-Jamaah
Ahl-i Hadith
Ahl-i Haqq
Ahmad Khan, Sayyid
Ahmad Reza Khan, Mawlana
Ahmad, Israr
Ahmad, Jalal al-e
Ahmad, Khurshid
Ahmad, Qazi Husayn
Ahmadis
Ahmed Shahid, Sayyid
Ahmed, Akbar
Ahsai, Shaykh Ahmad
Aishah
Aisyiyah
Ajal
Ajam
Ajami
Ajmer
Akbar I, Abu al-Fath Jalal al-Din Muhammad
Akhbar
Akhbaris
Akhirah
Akhlaq
Akhund
Al-Khoei Benevolent Foundation
Alam
Alamut
Alawi Dynasty
Alawi, Abu Abbas Ahmad ibn Mustafa al-
Alawi, Mawlay Muhammad ibn al-Arabi al-
Alawis
Alawite
Alawiyyah
Albania, Islam in
Alchemy
Alcoholic Beverages
Alevis
Alexander the Great
Algeria, Islam in
Algerian People's Party
Alhambra
Alhamdu Lillah
Alhazen
Ali ibn Abi Talib
Ali Ilahis
Ali, Shaukat
Alids
Aligarh
Aligarh Muslim University
Alim
Alimony
All-India Mohammedan Educational Conference
All-India Muslim League
All-Indonesian Association of Muslim Intellectuals
All-Malaysia Muslim Welfare Association
Allah
Allahu Akbar
Almohads
Almoravids
Almsgiving
Alp Arslan, Adud al-Dawlah Abu al-Shuja
Amal
AMAL
Amaliyyah Foundation
Aman
Amarah, Muhammad
Ameer Ali, Syed
America, Islam in
American Muslim Council
American Muslim Mission
Amidi, Sayf al-Din al-
Amili Ulama
Amin, Qasim
Amina bint Wahab
Amir
Amir al-Muminin
Ammah
Amr bi al-Maruf wa'l-Nahy an al-Munkar, al-
Amr ibn al-As
Amr ibn Ubayd
Amrullah, Hajji Abdul Malik Karim
Amsar
Amulets
Analogy
Andalus, al-
Andalusia
Angels
Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia
Anglo-Muhammadan Law
Anjuman
Ansair
Ansar
Ansari, Abu Madyan Shuayb ibn al-Husayn al-
Ansari, Murtada
Anthropology, Islamic
Anthropomorphism
Antichrist
Apostasy
Aqd
Aqidah
Aqiqah
Aql, al-
Aqqad, Abbas Mahmud al-
Aqsa, al-
Arab League
Arab Nationalism
Arab Socialism
Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arafat
Arafat, Yasir
Arbitration
Architecture
Ardabili, Shaykh Safi al-Din
Aristotle
Aristu
Aristutalis
Arithmetic
Arkan al-Din
Arkan al-Islam
Arkoun, Mohammed
Army
Arsalan, Shakib
Art and Islam
Articles of Faith
Asaba
Asabiyyah
Asad, Muhammad
Asadabadi, Jamal al-Din al
Asbab al-Nuzul
Ascetic
Asceticism
Asfar
Ashab al-Hadith
Ashab al-Nabi
Ashairah
Ashari, Abu-al-Hasan Ali ibn Ismail al-
Asharis
Ashmawi, Muhammad Said al-
Ashraf
Ashtar, Malik ibn al-Harith al-Nakhai al-
Ashura
Ashurkhanah
Asia
Askari, Hasan al-
Asma bint Abu Bakr
Asmau, Nana
Asnaf
Asqalani, Ahmad ibn Hajar al-
Assassins
Assembly
Association of Algerian Ulama
Association of Muslim Professionals (AMP)
Association of Muslim Social Scientists (AMSS)
Astarabadi, Mir Muhammad Baqir ibn Shams al-Din Muhammad al-Husayn al-
Astrolabe
Astrology
Astronomy
Atabat
Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal
Atomism
Attar, Farid al-Din
Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib al-
Aurangzeb Sixth emperor of Mughal India
Australia and New Zealand, Islam in
Australian Federation of Islamic Councils
Avempace
Averroës
Avicenna
Awami League
Awang, Haji Abdul Hadi ibn Haji
Awdah, Abdal-Aziz
Aws, al-
Awzai, Abu Amr Abd al-Rahman ibn Amr al-
Aya Sofia Mosque
Ayah/Ayat
Ayan wa Ashraf
Ayat al-Kursi, al-
Ayatollah
Ayb
Ayn Jalut
Ayn, al-
Ayodhya Incident
Ayyub
Ayyubids
Aza
Azad, Abu al-Kalam
Azakhanah
Azerbaijan, Islam in
Azhar, al-
Azl
Bab
Bab-i Ali
Babism
Babur, Zahir al-Din Muhammad
Badawah
Badawi, al-Sayyid Ahmad
Badr, Battle of
Baghdad
Baha Allah
Bahai
Bahira
Bahithat al-Badiyah
Bakkai al-Kunti, Ahmad al-
Bakri Tariqah
Bakri, Mustafa ibn Kamal al-Din al-
Bakshish
Baladhuri, Ahmad ibn Yahya al-
Baligh
Balkan States, Islam in the
Balya ibn Malkan
Bangladesh, Islam in
Bani Sadr, Abol-Hasan
Banking (Islamic)
Banna, Hasan al-
Banu al-Nadir
Banu Hashim (Quraysh)
Banu Israil
Banu Qurayza
Baqa
Baqarah, al-
Baqi, al-
Baqillani, Abu Bakr Muhammad al-
Baqir Muhammad, al-
Barakah
Barawi, Shaykh Umar Uways al-
Barelvi
Barelwi
Barelwi, Sayyid Ahmad Reza Khan
Barmakids
Barzakh, al-
Bashir, Hassan
Bashir, Omar Hassan al-
Basmachis
Basmala
Basmallah
Bast
Bastami
Batin
Batini
Bayah
Bayan
Baybars I
Baydawi, Abd Allah al-
Bayezid
Bayram
Bayrami Tariqah
Bayt al-Hikmah
Bayt al-Mal
Bayyumi Tariqah
Bazaar
Bazaaris
Bazargan, Mehdi
Bazzaz, Abdul-Rahman al-
Bedouin
Beheshti, Muhammad Hossein
Being
Bektashi Tariqah
Bel Hadj, Ali
Belief
Ben Maimon, Moshe
Bengal, Islam in
Bequest
Berbers
Berri, Nabih
Bhashani, Abdul-Hamid
Bhutto, Benazir
Bibi Fatimah
Bible
Bidah
Bihbihani, Ayatollah Muhammad Musavi
Bihzad
Bila Kayfa
Bilal
Bilalians
Bilqis
Bimaristan
Bin Laden, Osama
Bin Nabi, Malik
Bint al-Shati
Bioethics
Birgewi, Mehmed
Birth Control/Contraception
Birth Rites
Birthday
Biruni, Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-
Bismillah
Bistami, Abu Yazid al-
Black Muslims
Black Stone
Blasphemy
Blessing
Blood Money
Bohras
Borujerdi, Mohammad Hosayn
Bosnia-Herzegovina, Islam in
Bouhired, Djamila
Brazil, Islam in
Brethren of Purity
Bribe
Brothers
Brunei, Islam in
Bu Said Dynasty
Bucaille, Maurice
Bukhara Khanate
Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughirah al-
Bulgaria, Islam in
Bulugh
Bunyad
Buraq
Burckhardt, Ibrahim Titus
Burhami Tariqah
Burhan Family
Burhani Tariqah
Burhanuddin, Sayyidna Muhammad
Burma
Burqa
Buti, Muhammad Said Ramadan al-
Buwayhids
Buyyids
Byzantine Empire

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C–E

Córdoba, Dynastic ruler/Hereditary ruler (sultan/king/other)ate of
Cairo
Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
Calendar
Call of Islam (COI)
Call to Prayer
Calligraphy and Epigraphy
Cambodia, Islam in
Camel, Battle of the
Cameroon, Islam in
Canada, Islam in
Capitalism and Islam
Capitulations
Carmithians
Carpets
Caucasus
CDLR
Central Asia, Islam in
Cevdet Pasha, Ahmad
Chad, Islam in
Chador
Chagatai Khanate
Chakralavi, Abdullah
Chaldiran, Battle of
Chapter
Charity
Charlemagne
Charter of Medina
Chechnya, Islam in
Child Marriages
China, Islam in
Chinghez Khan
Chiragh Ali
Chishti Tariqah
Chishti, Muin al-Din Muhammad
Christianity
Christianity and Islam
Church
Çiller, Tansu
Circumcision
Commander of the Faithful
Commentator
Commercial Law
Committee for the Defense of Legitimate Rights
Communism and Islam
Community
Companions
Compensation
Congresses (Islamic)
Conseil National des Français Musulmans
Consensus
Constantinople
Constitution of Medina
Constitutional Revolution (Iran)
Consultation
Consultative Council of Indonesian Muslims
Contract
Contract Law
Convention Nationale des Musulmans Français
Conversion
Copts/Coptic Church
Cosmology
Council
Council for the Education of Muslim Children
Council of Experts (Iran)
Council of Masajid of the United States
Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)
Court
Court System
Courts
Covenant
Creed
Crimea Khanate
Criminal Law
Crusades
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Custody
Custom
Daftar
Dahlan, Kiyai Hadji Ahmad
Dai
Dajjal, al-
Dakwah (Malaysia)
Dalil
Damascus
Damm
Dan Fodio, Uthman
Dance
Dandarawi Tariqah
Daoud
Daoud Khan, Muhammad
Dar al-Arqam
Dar al-Harb
Dar al-Islam
Dar al-Islam Movement
Dar al-Mazalim
Dar al-Musannifin
Dar al-Shifa
Dar al-Sulh
Dar al-Taqiyyah
Dar al-Ulum
Darar
Darqah
Darqawi Tariqah
Darqawi, Abu Hamid (Ahmad) al-Arabi al-
Darul Arqam
Darul Islam
Darura
Darwish
Dasuqi Tariqah
Daudis
Daudiyah
David
Dawah
Dawud
Day of Judgment
Death
Deedat, Ahmad
Defter
Delhi Sultans
Democracy
Democratic Party (Turkey)
Demokrat Parti
Demons
Deobandis
Dervish
Desire
Destiny
Devil
Devotional Art
Devotional Music
Devotional Poetry
Devshirme
Dhahabi Tariqah
Dhahabi, Shaykh Muhammad Husayn
Dhat
Dhawq
Dhikr
Dhimmi
Dhu al-Kifl
Dhu al-Qaranyn
Dhul-Nun al-Misri
Dietary Rules
Din
Din wa-Dawlah
Dinshaway
Dipanegara
Diploma
Diplomacy
Diplomatic Immunity
Disbelief
Divination
Divorce
Diwan
Diyyah
Djibouti, Islam in
Dogs
Dome of the Rock
Dowry
Dreams
Dress (Islamic)
Drew, Timothy
Druze
Dua
Duali, Abul Aswad al-
Dualism
Dunya
Duri, Abd al-Aziz al-
Durr, Shajar al-
Durrani Dynasty
Durrani, Ahmad Shah
Dynastic ruler/Hereditary ruler (sultan/king/other)/Dynastic ruler/Hereditary ruler (sultan/king/other)ate
Economics (Islamic)
Edict
Education: Educational Institutions
Education: Educational Reform
Effendi
Egypt, Islam in
Eid
Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Fitr
Elections
Elias
Elijah
Elisha
Enver Pasha
Erbakan, Necmettin
Eritrea, Islam in
Eritrean Liberation Front
Eritrean People's Liberation Front
Ersoy, Mehmed Akif
Eschatology
Essence
Ethics
Ethiopia, Islam in
Ethnicity
Eunuch
Europe, Islam in
Eve
Evidence
Evil Eye
Evolution, Theory of, and Islam
Exegesis
Ezekiel
Ezra

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F–J

Fédération Nationale des Musulmans de France
Fadail
Fadlallah, Muhammad Husayn
Fai
Faith
Faiz, Ahmad Faiz
Fakhreddin, Rizaeddin
Falsafah
Family
Family Law
Family Planning
Fana
Faqih
Faqir
Farabi, Abu Nasr Muhammad ibn Tarkhan al-
Farahi, Hamiduddin
Faraid
Faraidi Movement
Faraizi
Faraj, Muhammad Abd al-Salam
Farangi Mahall
Farazdaq, al-
Fard al-Ayn
Fard al-Kifayah
Fard Muhammad
Fard, Wallace D.
Farid al-Din Masud Ganj-i-Shakar
Farman
Farq
Farrakhan, Louis
Farsi
Faruqi, Ismail Raji al-
Fasad/Mufsid fil-Ard
Fasi, Muhammad Allal al-
Fasting
Fatah
Fatalism
Fatawa al-Alamgiriyya
Fate
Father
Fathi, Hasan
Fatihah
Fatimah
Fatimah, Hazrat-i Masumah
Fatimid Dynasty
Fatwa
Fazilet Partisi
Federal Shariat Court
Federation of Islamic Associations
Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand
Feminism
Festivals
Feyzullah Effendi
Fez
Fidaiyan-i Islam
Fihrist
Filalian
Fiqh
Fiqh al-Tabib
Firawn
Firdawsi
Firman
FIS
Fitnah
Fitra
Five Hidden Things
Forbidden
Forgiveness
Fornication
France, Islam in
Francis of Assisi
Free Will
Freedom
Freedom Movement (Iran)
Front Islamique du Salut
Fruit of Islam
Fuad
Fulani Dynasty
Fundamentalism
Funerary Rites
Funj Sultanate
Fuqara
Furqan, al-
Furuq
Fustat, al-
Futa Jallon
Futa Toro
Futuwwah
Fyzee, Asaf Ali Asghar
Gülen, Fethullah
Gabriel
Gadd al-Haqq
Galiyev, Sultan Mir Said
Gambia, Islam in
Gambling
Gaspraly, Ismail Bey
Gasprinski, Ismail Bey
Gaylani Family
Genealogy
Genghis Khan
Genies
Geomancy
Geometry
Germany, Islam in
Ghadir Festival
Ghadir Khumm
Ghamidi, Javid Ahmad
Ghana, Islam in
Ghanimah
Ghannoushi, Rashid al-
Gharbzadegi
Ghaybah
Ghazal
Ghazali, Abu Hamid al-
Ghazali, Muhammad al-
Ghazali, Zaynab
Ghazan Khan, Mahmud
Ghaznavids
Ghaznawi, Mahmud ibn Sabuktigin al-
Ghazw
Ghazwani, Shaykh Abdullah
Ghulam
Ghulam Ahmad, Mirza
Ghulam Azam
Ghulat
Ghurids
Ghusl
GIA
Gilani, Abd al-Qadir al-
Ginans
Gnosticism
God
Gokalp, Mehmet Ziya
Goliath
Government
Granada
Grand Mufti
Grand Vizier
Great Britain, Islam in
Greater Bayram
Green Book
Groupe Islamique Armé
Groupement Islamique en France
Guardian
Guardianship
Guidance
Guide
Guilds
Guinea, Islam in
Gulf States, Islam in the
Gulf War
Gulhane Rescript of 1839
Gumi, Shaykh Abubakar
Gus Dur
Hadana
Hadd
Hadith
Hadith Nabawi
Hadith Qudsi
Hadrah
Hafiz, Shams al-Din Muhammad
Hafsa bint Umar
Hafsids
Hagar
Hagia Sophia
Hagiography
Hairi Yazdi, Abd al-Karim
Hajar
Hajar al-Aswad, al-
Hajj
Hajj, Messali al-
Hajjah
Hajji
Hakim
Hakim, Khalifa Abdul
Hakim, Muhammad Baqir al-
Hakim, Muhsen al-
Hakim, Tawfiq al-
Hakimah
Hal
Halal
Halaqah
Halimah bint Abi Dhuayb
Hallaj, Abu al-Mughith al-Husayn ibn Mansur ibn Muhammad al-
Hamadani, Ayn al-Qudat al-
Hamallah, Shaykh
Hamallism
Hamas
Hamasah
Hamd
Hamdala
Hamdanids
Hamdard Foundation
Hamka
Hamzah ibn Abd al-Muttalib
Hanafi School of Law
Hanafi, Hasan
Hanbali School of Law
Hanif
Haqiqah
Haqiqah al-Muhammadiyyah, al-
Harakah
Harakat al-Mahrumin
Harakat al-Muqawamah al-Islamiyyah
Harakat al-Tawhid al-Islami
Harakat ul-Ansar/Harakat ul-Mujahidin
Haram
Haram al-Sharif
Haramayn
Harb
Harem
Harun al-Rashid
Hasan al-Basri
Hasan ibn Ali
Hasan-Somalia, Muhammad Abd Allah
Hasan, Muhammad Abdallah
Hashemite
Hashishiyun
Hashiyyah
Hasina, Shaykh
Hawashi
Hawwa
Hawwa, Said
Haya
Hayd
Haykal, Muhammad Husayn
Hazrat
Heaven
Hejaz
Hekmatyar, Gulbuddin
Hell
Heresy
Hermeticism
Hezbollah
Hibri, Azizah al-
Hidayah
Hidden Imam
Hijab
Hijaz
Hijrah
Hikmah
Hikmat al-Ishraq
Hilah
Hilal
Hilli, Jamal al-Din Hasan ibn Yusuf ibn Ali ibn al-Mutahhar al-
Hilli, Safi al-Din Abd al-Aziz ibn Saraya al-
Hind bint Abi Umayya
Hinduism and Islam
Hirabah
Hisbah
History
Hittin, Battle of
Hiyal
Hizb
Hizb al-Dawah al-Islamiyyah
Hizb al-Istiqlal
Hizb al-Nahdah (Tunisia)
Hizb al-Tahrir al-Islami
Hizb al-Wasat
Hizb Allah (Iran)
Hizb Allah (Lebanon)
Hizb-i Islami (Afghanistan)
Hizb-i Wahdat
Hizbollah
Hizbul Mujahidin
Hizbul Muslimin
Hizqil
Hojatalislam
Hojatallah
Hojatiyyah
Holy Cities
Holy War
Homosexuality
Honor
Hostages
Houris
House of Wisdom
Hubal
Hudud
Hujatalislam
Hujatollah
Hujjah
Hujjar
Hujjat al-Islam
Hujjat Allah
Hujjatiyyah
Hujjatollah
Hujwiri, Sayyid Ali al-
Hukm
Hukumah
Human Rights
Humanism and Islam
Hunayn ibn Ishaq
Huquq al-Insan
Hurr
Hurra, Aishah al-
Hurra, Sayyida al-
Hurriyyah
Hurufis
Husain, Zakir
Husayn ibn Ali
Husayn, Taha
Husayni, Hajj Amin
Husaynid Dynasty
Husayniyyah
Husayniyyah-yi Irshad
Husri, Abu Khaldun Sati al-
Huwiyyah
Hypocrite
Ibadah
Ibadi Dynasty
Ibadis
Iblis
Ibn
Ibn Abd al-Wahhab, Muhammad
Ibn Abd Allah, Muhammad Ahmad
Ibn Abdin, Muhammad Amin ibn Umar
Ibn al-Arabi, Muhyi al-Din
Ibn al-Ashath, Abd al-Rahman
Ibn al-Athir, Abu al-Hasan Ali Izz al-Din
Ibn al-Farid, Umar
Ibn al-Hajjaj
Ibn al-Haytham, Abu Ali al-Hasan
Ibn al-Humam
Ibn al-Jawzi, Abd al-Rahman ibn Ali ibn Muhammad Abu al-Farash
Ibn al-Muqaffa, Abd Allah
Ibn al-Nadim, Muhammad ibn Abi Yaqub
Ibn al-Zubayr, Urwah
Ibn Aqil, Abu al-Wafa Ali ibn Aqil ibn Muhammad ibn Aqil ibn Ahmad al-Baghdadi
Ibn Ata Allah, Ahmad ibn Muhammad
Ibn Babawayh Muhammad
Ibn Badis, Abd al-Hamid
Ibn Bajjah
Ibn Battutah, Abu Abd Allah al-Lawati al-Tanji
Ibn Baz, Abd al-Aziz ibn Abdullah
Ibn Baz, Shaykh Abd al-Aziz
Ibn Gabirol, Solomon ben Judah
Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad
Ibn Hayyad, Jabir
Ibn Hazm, Abu Muhammad Ali ibn Ahmad ibn Said
Ibn Hisham, Abu Muhammad Abd al-Malik
Ibn Idris, Ahmad
Ibn Ishaq, Muhammad ibn Ishaq ibn Yasar ibn Khiyar
Ibn Jamaah, Badr al-Din Abu Abd Allah Muhammad
Ibn Jubayr, Muhammad ibn Ahmad
Ibn Kathir, Imad al-Din Ismail ibn Umar
Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman ibn Muhammad
Ibn Majah
Ibn Masud, Abdallah
Ibn Miskawayh, Abu Ali Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Yaqub
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyah, Shams al-Din Abu Bakr
Ibn Qudama, Muwaffaq al-Din
Ibn Qutaybah, Abd Allah Abu Muhammad Abd Allah ibn Muslim al-Dinwari
Ibn Rushd, Abu-i-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad
Ibn Saad, Muhammad
Ibn Sina, Abu Ali Husayn ibn Abd Allah
Ibn Suleyman, Muhammad ibn Muhammad
Ibn Taymiyyah, Taqi al-Din Ahmad
Ibn Tufayl, Abu Bakr Muhammad
Ibn Tulun, Ahmad
Ibn Tumart, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad
Ibrahim
Ibrahim, Anwar
Ibrahimi Tariqah
ICMI
Iconography
Id
Id al-Adha
Id al-Fitr
Iddah
Ideology and Islam
Idris ibn Abdullah, Mulay
Idrisi Tariqah
Idrisid Dynasty
Idtirar
Ifrit
Ifta
Iftar
Ihram
Ihsan
Ihtiram
Ihya
IIIT
Ijarah
Ijaz
Ijazah
Ijhad
Ijma
Ijtihad
Ikhtilaf al-Fiqh
Ikhwan
Ikhwan al-Muslimin, al
Ikhwan al-Safa
Iktisab
Ilhad
Ilham
Illah
Ilm
Ilm al-Alkhlaq
Ilm al-Falak
Ilm al-Handasa
Ilm al-Haya
Ilm al-Hisab
Ilm al-Huruf
Ilm al-Jamal
Ilm al-Kimiya
Ilm al-Lugha
Ilm al-Nujum
Ilm al-Rijal
Ilm al-Tabiah
Ilm al-Tarikh
Ilm al-Tibb
Iltizam
Ilyas
Ilyas, Muhammad
Imam
Imamah
Imamate
Imambarah
Imamis
Imamzadah
Iman
Imran
Imru al-Qays
Imtiyazat
Incarnation
Incest
Independence Party
Independent Reasoning
India, Islam in
Indian Mutiny of 1857
Indian Ocean Societies, Islam in
Indonesia, Islam in
Infanticide
Inheritance
Innovation
Inqadh
Inqilab
Insan al-Kamil, al-
Insha Allah
Inspiration
Institute for Social Studies
Intention
Intercession
Interest
Intermarriage
International Institute of Islamic Economics
International Institute of Islamic Thought
International Islamic Federation of Student Organizations
International Islamic News Agency
International Islamic Relief Organization
International Islamic University, Islamabad
International Islamic University, Kuala Lumpur
International Law
Intifadah
Intizar
Intoxicants
Iqbal, Muhammad
Iqrar
Iqta
Iqtisad, al-
Iradah
Iran-Iraq War (1980–88)
Iran, Islam in
Iranian Revolution of 1979
Iranian Revolutionary Guards
Iraq, Islam in
Ird
Irfan
Irtidad
Irving, T.B.
Isa ibn Maryam
Isaac
ISESCO
Isfahan
Ishaki, Ayaz
Ishaq
Ishaq, Hunayn ibn
Ishmael
Ishq
Ishraq
Iskandar, al-
Iskandari, al-
Islah
Islahi, Amin Ahsan
Islam, Yusuf
Islam: An Overview
Islami Jamiat Tulaba
Islamic Banking
Islamic Calendar
Islamic Call Party
Islamic Call Society
Islamic Chamber of Commerce
Islamic Charter Front
Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA)
Islamic Conference Organization
Islamic Council of Europe
Islamic Democratic Alliance
Islamic Development Bank
Islamic Economics
Islamic Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (ISESCO)
Islamic Foundation
Islamic Jihad
Islamic Jihad Community
Islamic Jihad of Palestine
Islamic Law
Islamic Liberation Organization
Islamic Liberation Party
Islamic Medical Association
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)
Islamic National Action Front
Islamic Party (Afghanistan)
Islamic Party (Malaysia)
Islamic Party (South Africa)
Islamic Propagation Centre International
Islamic Renaissance Party
Islamic Republican Party
Islamic Research Institute
Islamic Revolution
Islamic Salvation Front
Islamic Society
Islamic Society of North America
Islamic Society of Students
Islamic State
Islamic Tendency Movement
Islamic Unity Movement
Islamist
Islamization of Knowledge
Ismah
Ismail
Ismailis
Isnad
Istanbul
Istighfar
Istihsan
Istiqlal Party
Istishab
Istislah
Ithna Asharis
Ittihad
Ittihad al-Islami, al-
Ittihad-i Muhammadi Cemiyeti
Izzah
Jabarti, Abd al-Rahman al-
Jabir ibn Hayyan, Abu Musa
Jabiri, Muhammad Abid al-
Jabr
Jabriyyah
Jacob
Jadd al-Haqq Ali Jadd al-Haqq
Jadidism
Jafari: Shi'i Legal Thought and Jurisprudence
Jafr
Jahangir
Jahannum
Jahiliyyah
Jahiz, Abu Uthman Amr ibn Bahr ibn Mahbub al-
Jalut
Jama
Jamaah al-Islamiyyah, al-
Jamaat al-Jihad
Jamaat al-Muslimin (Egypt)
Jamaat al-Muslimin (Trinidad and Tobago)
Jamaat al-Takfir wa'l-Hijrah
Jamaat Ansar al-Sunnah
Jamaat-i Islami
Jamaat-i Islami of Bangladesh
Jamaat-i Islami of India
Jamarah
Jamatul Nasril Islam
Jameelah, Maryam
Jamia Millia Islamiyyah
Jamiah
Jamiah Shabab Sayyidna Muhammad
Jamiah-yi Ruhaniyat-i Mubariz
Jamiat al-Dawah al-Islamiyyah
Jamiat al-Dawah wa'l-Irshad
Jamiat al-Khairiyyat al-Islamiyyah
Jamiat al-Shubban al-Muslimin
Jamiat-i Islami (Afghanistan)
Jamiatul Ulama-i Ahl-i Hadith
Jamiatul Ulama-i Hind
Jamiatul Ulama-i Islam
Jamiatul Ulama-i Pakistan
Jamiyyah
Janabah
Janaza
Janissaries
Jannah
JAS
Jawzi, Bandali al-
Jaysh
Jayshi-i Muhammad
Jerusalem
Jesus, Son of Mary
Jews
Jibril
Jihad
Jihad al-Islami
Jihad, al-
Jilani, Abd al-Qadir al-
Jilbab
Jinn
Jinnah, Mohammad Ali
Jizyah
JNI
Job
John the Baptist
Jonah
Jordan, Islam in
Joseph
Judaism and Islam
Judge
Juma Mosque
Junayd, al- Abu al-Qasim ibn Muhammad
Jurisprudence
Jurist
Justice
Justice Party
Justice, Concepts of
Justice, Social
Juwayni, Abu al-Maali al-
Juwayriyya bint al-Harith

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K–O

Kaaba
Kabylia
Kafaah
Kaffarah
Kafir
Kalam
Kalila wa Dimna
Kamil, Mustafa
Kampulan Saudara Baru
Kandhalavi, Muhammad Zakariya
Kanisah
Kanun
Karamah
Karbala
Kartosuwiryo, Sukarmadji Maridjan
Kasb
Kashani, Abd al-Razzaq
Kashani, Ayatollah Hajj Sayyid Abol-Qasem
Kashf
Kashmir
Kasravi, Ahmad
Kawakibi, Abd al-Rahman al-
Kazakhstan, Islam in
Kazan Khanate
Kazim, Musa al-
Kedayans
Kelantan
Kemal, Mehmet Namik
Kemal, Mustafa
Kemalism
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
Khadim al-Haramayn al-Sharifayn
Khaksar Movement
Khalafallah, Muhammad Ahmad
Khales, Yunus
Khalid, Khalid Muhammad
Khalidi
Khalifah
Khalil, al-
Khalwah
Khalwati Tariqah
Khamanahi, Sayyid Ali
Khamr
Khan
Khan, Inayat
Khanaqah
Khanqah
Khansa, al-
Kharaj
Kharijis/Kharijites
Khassah
Khatam al-Nabiyyin
Khatami, Muhammad
Khatib
Khatmi Tariqah
Khatun, Kutlugh
Khatun, Padishah
Khawajah
Khawarij
Khayr al-Din al-Tunisi
Khayzuran
Khazraj, al-
Khezr
Khidr, al-
Khilafa
Khilafat Majlis
Khilafat Movement
Khirqah
Khiva Khanate
Khizr
Khoi, Abol-Qasem
Khojas
Khojki Script
Khomeini, Ruhollah al-Musavi
Khoqand Khanate
Khorasani, Muhammad Kazim
Khul
Khums
Khurasani, Abu Muslim al-
Khutbah
Khwarizmi, Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Musa al-
Kihanah
Kindi, Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-
King Faisal Foundation
Kirmani, Hamid al-Din
Kisakurek, Necip Fazil
Kishk, Shaykh Abd al-Hamid Abd al-Aziz Muhammad
Kismet
Kiswah
Kitab
Kitab al-Jafr
Komiteh
Koprulu, Mehmet Fuat
Kosovo, Battle of
Kosovo, Islam in
Kuchuk Kaynarja, Treaty of
Kufa
Kufic
Kufr
Kulayni, Muhammad ibn Yaqub ibn Ishaq al-
Kurds
Kuttab
Kyrgyzstan, Islam in
Labor Party of Egypt
Lahoris
Lalla Zaynab bint Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abi al-Qasim
Lashkar-i Taiba
Lat, al-
Law: Modern Legal Reform
Law: Shi'i Schools of Law
Law: Sunni Schools of Law
Lawh Mahfuz
Laylat al-Baraah
Laylat al-Qadr
Leasing
Lebanon, Islam in
Lepanto, Battle of
Lesser Bayram
Levant
Lexicography
Lian
Liberalism
Liberation Movement of Iran
Liberty
Libraries
Libya, Islam in
Literature
Logic
Lot
Loya Jirga
Lubb
Luqman
Lut
M'Backe, Amadu Bamba
Ma Ba
Ma Hualong
Ma Ming-Hsin
Ma Mingxin
Maad
Maari, Abu al-Ala al-
Madani, Abbasi
Madani, Husain Ahmad
Madhhab
Madinat al-Fadilah, al-
Madjid, Nurcholish
Madrasa
Madrasah Faiziyyah
Madrasah Nizamiyyah
Maghazi
Maghreb
Magic
Mahamad Cabdille Hasan
Mahaz-e Milli-ye Islami-ye Afghanistan
Mahdi
Mahdi, Abd al-Rahman al-
Mahdi, Sadiq al-
Mahdists
Mahdiyyah
Mahfouz, Naguib
Mahkamah
Mahmal
Mahmud II
Mahmud of Ghazna
Mahmud, Abd al-Halim
Mahmud, Mustafa
Mahmud, Zaki Najib
Mahr
Mahram
Mai Tatsine
Maimonides, Moses
Majallah
Majd, Ahmad Kamal Abu al-
Majlis
Majlis Sjuro Muslimin Indonesia
Majlis-i Ahrar-i Islam
Majlisi, Muhammad Baqir ibn Muhammad al-Taqi al-
Makruh
Maktabah
Maktub
Malaikah
Malaysia, Islam in
Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement
Malcolm X
Malfuzat
Mali, Islam in
Malik ibn Anas al-Asbahi
Malik Shah ibn Alp Arslan
Malika Arwa bint Ahmad al-Sulayhiyyah
Malika Asma bint Shihab al-Sulayhiyyah
Maliki School of Law
Malkom Khan
Mamluks
Mamun, al-
Manaqib
Manar, al-
Manasik
Manat
Mandub
Maneri, Sharif al-Din
Manfaluti, Mustafa Lutfi al-
Manichaeism
Mansur, Abu Jafar al-
Mantiq
Manzikert, Battle of
Maqam
Maqamah
Maqrizi, Taqi al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn Ali ibn al-Qadir al-
Marabout
Maraghi, Mustafa al-
Marashi-Najafi, Ayatollah Sayyid Shihab al-Din
Marghinani, Ali ibn Abu Bakr al-
Marifah
Mariya the Copt
Marja al-Taqlid
Maronite
Marriage and Divorce: Legal Foundations
Marriage and Divorce: Modern Practices
Marsiyyah
Martel, Charles
Marthiyyah
Martyr
Maruf
Marxism and Islam
Mary
Maryam
Maryam the Copt
Masari, Muhammad al-
Mashhad
Mashriq
Mashriqi, Inayatullah Khan
Masih
Masjid al-Aqsa
Masjid al-Haram
Masjid al-Qiblatayn
Masjumi
Maslahah
Masnavi
Masnawi
Masud, Ahmad Shah
Masudi, Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn al-
Masyumi
Mathal
Mathnawi
Matn
Maturidi, Abu al-Mansur al-
Maturidiyyah
Mauritania, Islam in
Mauritius, Islam in
Mawali
Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al-
Mawdudi, Sayyid Abu al-Ala
Mawla
Mawlana
Mawlana Azad
Mawlawi Tariqah
Mawlay
Mawlid
Mawlid al-Husayn
Mawlid al-Nabi
Maysir
Mazahir al-Ulum
Mazalim
Mazalim Courts
Mazari, Shaykh Ali
Mazdakism
Mecca
Mecelle
Medical Ethics
Medicine of the Prophet
Medicine: Traditional Practice
Medina
Mehmet II “The Conqueror”
Mendaki
Menstruation
Mesopotamia
Messali al-Hajj
Messenger
Messiah
Messianism
Mevlevis
Michael
Middle East, Islam in
Midhat Pasha, Ahmad Shafiq
Migration
Mihna
Mihrab
Mikail
Military
Millah
Millet
Milli Nizam Partisi
Milli Selamet Partisi
Minaret
Minbar
Minorities: Muslim Minorities in Non-Muslim Societies
Minorities: Non-Muslim Minorities in Muslim Societies
Mir Damad
Miracles
Miraj
Mirath
Mirghani Tariqah
Mirghani, Ali
Mirghani, Muhammad Uthman al-
Miriam
Mirza Husayn Ali Nuri
Misbahah
Misr
Mission
Mithaq
Mizan
MNP
Modernism
Modernization and Development
Modesty
Moghul Empire
Mohammad Tahir ibn Jalaluddin al-Azahari
Mongiri, Sayyid Muhammad Ali
Mongols
Monotheism
Moon
Moors
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro National Liberation Front
Morocco, Islam in
Mosaddeq, Mohammed
Moses
Mosque
Mosque of the Prophet
Mosque of the Two Qiblahs
Moulay
Mount Hira
Mourning
Mouvement de la Tendance Islamique
Movement for the Restoration of Democracy (MRD)
Movement of the Dispossessed
MQM
MSP
MTI
Muamalat
Muawiyah ibn Abi Sufyan
Muawwadhatayn
Mubaraah
Mudarabah
Muezzin
Mufassir
Mufid, Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn al-Numan al-
Mufti
Mughal Empire
Mughayyabat al-Khamis, al-
Muhaddithin
Muhajir Qaumi Movement
Muhammad
Muhammad Ali Dynasty
Muhammad ibn Ismail
Muhammad Marwa
Muhammad, Elijah
Muhammad, Warith Deen
Muhammadi Tariqah
Muhammadiyyah
Muhammadu Arab
Muharram
Muhsan
Muhtashimi, Ali Akbar
Muhtasib
Mujaddid
Mujaddid Alf-i Thani
Mujaddidi, Sibghat-Ullah
Mujahidin
Mujahidin Party
Mujahidin-i Khalq (Iran)
Mujtahid
Mukallaf
Mukhtar
Mukhtar, Umar al-
Mukhtasar
Mulay
Mulhid
Mulk, Sitt al-
Mulla Sadra
Mullabashi
Mullah
Mullah Muhammad Omar
Mumin
Munafiq
Munazarah
Mundhdhamat al-Mutamar al-Islami
Munshi
Muntazar, al-
Muntaziri, Husayn Ali
Muqaddim
Muqaddimah, al-
Muqarnas
Muqasamah
Murabahah
Murabit
Murabitun
Murid
Muridi Tariqah
Murjiah
Murjiis
Murshid
Murtadd
Muruwwah
Musa
Musa, Nabawiyyah
Musaylima ibn Habib
Musharakah
Mushrikun
Music
Muslim
Muslim (Ibn al-Hajjaj)
Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt
Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan
Muslim Brotherhood in Palestine
Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan
Muslim Brotherhood in Syria
Muslim Converts' Association of Singapore (Darul Arqam)
Muslim Council of Britain
Muslim Educational Trust
Muslim League
Muslim Parliament
Muslim Party of Indonesia
Muslim Student Association (Nigeria)
Muslim Student Association (United States)
Muslim United Front
Muslim World League
Muslim Youth Movement of South Africa
Muslim-Christian Dialogue
Musnad
Mustadafin
Mustadafun
Mustafa Kemal
Mustafa, Shukri Ahmad
Mustahabb
Mustansir, al-
Mustashriqun
Mutah
Mutahhari, Murtaza
Mutanabbi, al-
Mutawakkil, al-
Mutawalli
Mutawatir
Mutawwadah
Mutazilis
Muttahida Qaumi Movement
Muwahhidun
Muwatta, al-
Muzaffar, Chandra
Muzdalifa
Myanmar, Islam in
MYMSA
Nabawiyyah
Nabhani, Taqi al-Din al-
Nabi
Nabi al-Ummi, al-
Nabidh
Nadhir
Nadir Shah Afshar, Muhammad
Nadwat al-Ulama
Nadwatul Ulama
Nadwi, Abul Hasan Ali
Nadwi, Sayyid Sulayman
Nafaqah
Nafisa, al-Sayyida
Nafs
Nafzawiyah, Zaynab al-
Nahdah
Nahdat al-Ulama
Nahdatul Ulama
Nahhas, Mustafa al-
Nahj al-Balaghah
Nahw
Naib
Naib al-Amm, al-
Naib al-Imam, al-
Naib al-Sidara, al-
Naini, Muhammad Husayn
NAIT
Najaf
Najibullah
Namaz
Names and Naming
Names of God
Names of the Prophet
Namus
Naqib
Naql
Naqshbandi Tariqah
Naqshbandi, Khalid al-
Nar
Nasab
Nasai, Abu Abd al-Rahman Ahmad ibn Ali al-
Nasif, Malak Hifni
NASIMCO
Nasir-i Khusraw, Abu Muin Nasur ibn Khusraw ibn Harith
Naskh
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein
Nass
Nasserism
Nastaliq
Nation of Islam
National Congress Party
National Council of French Muslims
National Front for the Salvation of Libya
National Islamic Front (Afghanistan)
National Islamic Front (Sudan)
National Order Party
National Party
National Salvation Party
Nationalism and Islam
Natsir, Mohammad
Natural Science
Nawafil
Nawwab
Nawwab Safawi, Sayyid Mujtaba Mir Luhi
Nazr
Necessary
Neo-Destour Party
Neoplatonism
Neotraditionalists
New Brothers Group
New Sect
Niche
NIF
Niger, Islam in
Nigeria, Islam in
Night Journey
Night of Power and Excellence
Nik, Abdul Aziz
Nikah
Nimatullahi Tariqah
Niqabah
Nisam-i Islam
Niyabah
Niyyah
Nizam
Nizam al-Mulk, Abu Ali al-Hasan ibn al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Ishaq al-Tusi
Nizam-i Mustafa Movement
Nizami, Jamal al-Din Abu Muhammad Ilyas ibn Yusuf ibn Zaki Muayyad
Nizamiyyah College of Baghdad
Nizaris
Noah
Noble Drew Ali
Noor, Fadzil Mohamad
Noorani, Mawlana Shah Ahmad
North Africa, Islam in
North American Islamic Trust
Northern People's Congress (NPC)
NU
Nuh
Numan, al-Qadi
Numerology
Nur
Nur Jahan
Nur Muhammadi
Nurculuk
Nuri, Fazlullah
Nursi, Bediuzzaman Said al-
Nusayris
Nusrat, Fatih Ali Khan
Oath
Occasionalism
Occultation
OIC
Omar Khayyam
Opinion
Oppression
Order
Organization of North American Shia Ithna-Ashari Muslim Communities (NASIMCO)
Organization of the Islamic Conference
Orientalism
Orientalists
Orphans
Osman, Fathi
Osmania University
Ottoman Empire

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P–S

Pacific Region, Islam in
Pact of Umar
Padri Movement
PAGAD
Pahlavi, Muhammad Reza Shah
Pahlavi, Reza Shah
Painting
Pakistan Democratic Alliance
Pakistan Muslim League
Pakistan National Alliance (PNA)
Pakistan People's Party (PPP)
Pakistan, Islam in
Pakistani Revolutionary Guards
Palestine and Israel, Islam in
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
Palimbani, Abd al-Samad al-
Pan-Islamism
Pan-Turanism
Pancasila
Parmusi
Parsis
Partai Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS)
Partai Muslimin Indonesia (Parmusi)
Parti du Peuple Algérien
Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (PAS)
Parti Orang Muslimin Malaya
Party of God (Iran)
Party of God (Kashmir)
Parvez, Ghulam Ahmad
Parwez, Ghulam Ahmad
PAS
Pasdaran
Pasha
Passion
Patani United Liberation Organization
Patrona Halil (Rebellion of)
PBUH
Peace
Peace and Blessings Be upon Him
Peace Be upon You
People Against Gangsterism and Drugs (PAGAD)
People of the Book
PERKIM
Permitted
Persatuan Islam (Persis)
Persian
Persis
Pertubuhan Kabajikan Islam Se-Malaysia
Pesantren
Peter the Venerable
Pharaoh
Philippines, Islam in
Philosophy
Physics
Pickthall, Muhammad Marmaduke
Pilgrim
Pilgrimage
Pillars of Islam
Pir
Plato
PLO
Pluralism
PNA
Poetry
Poll Tax
Polygamy
Polygyny
Polytheists
Poole, Paul Robert
Popular Religion
Pork
Postmodernism and Islam
PPP
Prayer
Prayer Rug
President
Prince
Profit Sharing
Proof
Property
Prophet
Prophethood
Prophetic Traditions
Prostitution
Proverb
Psalms
Puberty Rites
Public Interest
Pulpit
Punishment
Purdah
Purification
Qabaliyyah
Qabd
Qabilah
Qabr
Qada
Qadar
Qadari Tariqah
Qadariyyah
Qaddafi, Muammar al-
Qadhf
Qadi
Qadi Askar
Qadianis
Qadisiyyah, Battle of
Qadiyyah
Qaeda, al-
Qahira, al-
Qahtani, Muhammad al-
Qaid al-Azam
Qajar Dynasty
Qalandar
Qalb
Qamar
Qanun
Qanun al-Dawli
Qarafi, Shihab al-Din
Qaramanli Dynasty
Qaramita
Qarawiyin University
Qardawi, Yusuf
Qasida
Qassam, Izz al-Din al-
Qat
Qawwali
Qiblah
Qimar
Qiraah
Qisas
Qismah
Qissah
Qist
Qiyamah
Qiyas
Qom
Qubbah
Qubbat al-Sakhra
Quds, al-
Quduri, al-
Queen of Sheba
Qum
Qummi, al-
Quran
Quran Commentary
Quraysh
Qurayshi, al-
Qurban
Qusayy
Qushashi, Ahmad al-
Qushayri, al-
Qutb
Qutb, Muhammad
Qutb, Sayyid
Rabb
Rabbani, Burhanuddin
Rabiah al-Adawiyah
Rabitat al-Alam al-Islami
Radd
Radicalism
Radiyyah
Rahain
Rahim, al-
Rahmah
Rahman Khalil, Mawlana Fazlur
Rahman, al-
Rahman, Fazlur
Rahmani Tariqah
Rai
Raids
Rais
Rajah
Rajavi, Masud
Rakah
Ramadan
Ramla bint Abi Sufyan
Raniri, Nuruddin al-
Rashid Rida, Muhammad
Rashidi Tariqah
Rashidi, Muhammad ibn Salih al-
Rashidun
Rashti, Sayyid Kazim
Rasul
Rawafid
Rawdah Khaneh
Rawdah, al-
Rawzah Khani
Ray
Rayhana bint Zayd ibn Amr
Razi, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-
Razi, Fakhr al-Din al-
Recitation, Quranic
Refah Partisi
Reform
Refugees
Regional Islamic Dawah Council of Southeast Asia and the Pacific
Relics
Religious Education
Religious Scholar
Remembrance
Renaissance Party
Reorganization
Repentance
Republican Brothers
Republican People's Party (Turkey)
Resurrection
Retribution
Revival and Renewal
Revivalist
Revolution
Rhazes
Riba
Ribat
Rida, Ali al-
Rif
Rifai Tariqah
Rightly Guided Dynastic ruler/Hereditary ruler (sultan/king/other)s
Risalah
Rites of Passage
Ritual
Riwayah
Roger II of Sicily
Rosary
Rubai
Rubaiyyat
Ruh
Ruhaniyyat
Rukhsah
Rumi, Jalal al-Din al-
Ruqayyah bint Husayn
Rushdie Affair
Russia, Islam in
Ruzbihan Baqli
Sabbah, Hasan-i
Sabil
Sabr
Sacrifice
Sad ibn Abi Waqqas
Sadaqah
Sadi, Musharrif al-Din Muslih
Sadiq, Jafar ibn Muhammad al-
Sadiqi College
Sadr
Sadr al-Din al-Shirazi
Sadr-i Azam
Sadr, Muhammad Baqir al-
Sadr, Musa al-
Saduq, al-
Saeed, Hafiz Muhammad
Safavids Dynasty
Saffah, Abu al-Abbas al-
Safi, Ghulam Mohammad
Sahaba
Sahih
Sahih al-Bukhari
Sahih Muslim
Sahnun
Sahu
Said Halim Pasha, Mehmed
Said, Hakim Mohammed
Sainthood
Saj
Sajah
Sajjadah
Sakinah
Sala Allah Alayhi wa-Salaam
Salaam
Salaam(u) Alaykum(u), al-
Saladin
Salaf
Salafi
Salah
Salah al-Din
Salat
Salat al-Asr
Salat al-Duhr
Salat al-Fajr
Salat al-Hajah
Salat al-Isha
Salat al-Jumah
Salat al-Khawf
Salat al-Maghreb
Salat al-Tarawih
Salihi Tariqah
Salman the Persian
Salvation
Sama
Samarra
Sammani Tariqah
Sammani, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-
Sanad
Sangalaji, Mirza Riza Quli Shariat
Sanhuri, Abd al-Razzaq al-
Santri
Sanusi Tariqah
Sanusi, Muhammad ibn Ali al-
Sanusi, Muhammad Idris ibn al-Mahdi al-
Sapa Tresno
Sara
Saracens
Sarah
Sarakhshi, Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-
Sarekat Islam
Sariqah
Sarraj, Abu Nasr al-
Sasanians
Satan
Satanic Verses
Saud, Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman al-
Saud, Faisal ibn Abd al-Aziz al-
Saud, Khalid ibn Abd al-Aziz al-
Saud, Muhammad ibn al-
Saudi Arabia, Islam in
Saul
Sawda bint Zama
Sawit
Sawm
Say
Sayf al-Dawlah, Abu al-Hasan Ali
Sayyid
Sayyid Shaykh ibn Ahmad al-Hadi
Sayyid, Ahmad Lutfi al-
Saziman-i Mujahidin-i Khalq-i Iran
Science
Science and medicine
Science, Attitudes Toward
Seal of the Prophets
Seclusion
Sectarianism
Secularism
Seljuk Dynasty
Seminary
Senegal, Islam in
September Laws
Sermon
Servant
Servant of God
Sevener Shi'is
Sexuality
Shaban, Said
Shabazz, al-Hajj Malik al-
Shabestari, Mahmud
Shadhili Tariqah
Shadhili, Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Abd Allah al-
Shadow of God
Shafaa
Shafii School of Law
Shafii, Muhammad ibn Idris ibn al-Abbas ibn Uthman ibn
Shafiq, Durriyah
Shah
Shah Abbas I
Shah Bano Begum Case
Shah Ismail
Shahadah
Shahid
Shahid, Shah Ismail
Shahrastani, Abu al-Fath Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-
Shahrur, Muhammad
Shaltut, Mahmud
Shamil, Imam
Shams al-Din, Muhammad Mahdi
Sharaf
Sharafuddin Ahmad ibn Yahya Maneri
Sharawi, Huda
Sharawi, Shaykh Muhammad Mutawali al-
Sharh
Shari
Shariah
Shariah Courts
Shariat Madari, Ayatollah Muhammad Kazim
Shariati, Ali
Shariatullah, Hajji
Sharif
Sharif Husayn ibn Ali
Sharq
Shart
Shath
Shatibi, Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al-
Shattari Tariqah
Shauq
Shawkani, Muhammad al-
Shaybani, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Farqad al-
Shaykh
Shaykh al-Akhbar, al-
Shaykh al-Islam
Shaykhis
Shaytan
Shibli Numani, Muhammad
Shi'i Islam
Shiraz
Shirazi, al-
Shirazi, Mirza Hasan
Shirazi, Sadr al-Din al-
Shirazi, Sayyid Ali Muhammad
Shirk
Shrine
Shubha
Shughni-Rushani
Shura
Shuubiyyah Movement
Shuyuiyyah
Sibai, Mustafa al-
Sibawayhi, Abu Bishr al-
Siddiqui, Kalim
Siffah, al-
Siffin, Battle of
Sijistani, Abu Daud al-
Sijistani, Abu Yaqub Ishaq ibn Ahmad al-
Silsilah
Simnani, Ala al-Dawlah
Sin
Sinai
Sinan Abdul Menan
Sinan, Rashid al-Din
Sindhi, Ubaydullah
Sindi, Shaykh Muhammad Hayya al-
Sinf
Singapore Muslim Religious Council
Sinkili, Abd-al-Rauf al-
Sipah-i Pasdaran-i Inqilab-i Islami
Sipah-i-Sahaba
Sipahsalar, (Mirza) Husayn Khan Mushir al-Dawlah
Sirah
Sirat al-Mustaqim, al-
Sirhindi, Ahmad
Sirr
Siyam
Siyar
Siyasat Nameh
Slave
Slavery
Social Justice
Socialism and Islam
Society for the Victory of Islam
Society of Call and Guidance
Society of Islamic Students
Society of Militant Clergy
Society of Muhammad's Youth
Sokoto Dynastic ruler/Hereditary ruler (sultan/king/other)ate
Solomon
Somalia, Islam in
Son
Soroush, Abd al-Karim
Soul
South Africa, Islam in
South Asia, Islam in
Southeast Asia, Islam in
Spain
Spirit
Sri Lanka, Islam in
State
Stevens, Cat
Struggle
Suavi, Ali
Sub-Saharan Africa, Islam in
Subannu al-Muslimin
Subhan Allah
Successors
Sudan, Islam in
Sufism
Sufism in America
Suhrawardi Tariqah
Suhrawardi, Shihab al-Din Yahya
Suhur
Suicide
Sujud
Sukr
Sulaiman, Ibrahim
Sulayman
Sulaymanis
Suleyman the Magnificent
Suleyman, Mawlay Abu al-Rabi ibn Muhammad
Suleyman, Sultan
Sultan
Sultan Selim III
Sultanate
Sumaa
Sumayah bint Khubbat
Sunnah
Sunni Islam
Supplication
Supreme Council of the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI)
Supreme Islamic Shi'i Council (Lebanon)
Surah
Surrogate Motherhood
Suyuti, Abu al-Fadl Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr ibn Muhammad Jalal al-Din al-Khudayri al-
Syndicate
Syria, Islam in
Syrian Islamic Front

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T–Z

Tabaqah
Tabaqat
Tabari, Abu Jafar Muhammad ibn Jarir al-
Tabatabai, Muhammad Husayn
Tabiun
Tabligh
Tablighi Jamaat
Tadhkirah
Tafsir
Taftazani, Sad al-Din Masud ibn Umar ibn Abd Allah al-
Tafwid
Taghut
Taha, Mahmud Muhammad
Taharah
Tahlil
Tahreek-i Khilafat
Tahrif
Tahrik-i Jafariyyah Pakistan
Tahrik-i Khaksar
Tahrik-i Nifaz-i Fiqh-i Jafariyyah
Tahtawi, Rifaa al-
Taif
Taj Mahal
Tajammu al-Yamani li'l-Islah, al-
Tajdid
Tajikistan, Islam in
Tajsim
Tajwid
Takbir
Takfir
Taklif
Talaq
Taleqani, Mahmud
Talfiq
Talhah ibn Ubayd Allah al-Taymi
Taliban
Talim
Taliq
Talut
Tamerlane
Tanasukh
Tanzania, Islam in
Tanzeem-i Islami
Tanzih
Tanzil
Tanzim
Tanzimat
Taqi Khan, Muhammad
Taqiyah
Taqlid
Taqwa
Tarbiyyah
Tariqah
Tariqah-i Muhammadiyyah
Tarjuman al-Quran
Tarwiyah
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Tasdiq
Tashahhud
Tashbih
Taslim
Tatars
Tawaf
Tawakkul
Tawassul
Tawbah
Tawhid
Tawhidi, Abu Hayyan al-
Tawil
Tawrat
Taxation
Taxes
Tayyibi Tariqah
Tazir
Taziyah
Tekke
Tentera Islam
Terrorism
Thaalibi, Abd al-Aziz
Thaalibi, Abu Mansur Abd al-Malik ibn Muhammad al-
Thailand, Islam in
Thamud
Thanawi, Ashraf Ali
Thanawi, Ihtishan ul-Haq
Thanawiyyah
Thawrah
Theft
Theodemocracy
Theology
Thiqali
Third Universal Alternative
Throne Verse
Tibb al-Nabawi, al-
Tijani Tariqah
Tijani, Ahmad al-
Timar
Timur Lang
Tirmidhi, Abu Isa Muhammad ibn Isa ibn Sawra ibn Shaddad al-
Toaddud
Tobacco Protest (Iran)
Tombs
Tombstones
Torah
Tours, Battle of
Trade Financing, Islamic
Traditionists
Treasury
Treaty of Hudaybiyah
Trench, Battle of the
Tribe
Trinidad and Tobago, Islam in
Tulunids
Tunisia, Islam in
Turabi, Hassan al-
Turban
Turkey, Islam in
Turkmenistan, Islam in
Tusi, Muhammad ibn al-Hasan
Tusi, Nasir al-Din al-
Twelvers
Uganda
Uganda, Islam in
Uhud, Battle of
Ukaz
Ulama: Shi'i
Ulama: Sunni
Ulum
Ulum al-Tabiah, al-
Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz
Umar ibn al-Khattab
Umar Tal
Umayyad Dynastic ruler/Hereditary ruler (sultan/king/other)ate
Umdah
Umm al-Qura
Umm al-Walad
Umm Habiba
Umm Salama
Ummah
Ummah Party
UMNO
Umrah
Union des Organisations Islamiques de France
Unitarians
United Kingdom–Islamic Mission
United Malays National Organization
Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights (UIDHR)
Universities (Islamic)
Urabi, Ahmad
Urf
Urs
Urwat al-Wuthqa, al-
Ushr
Usman Dan Fodio
Ustadh
Usul al-Fiqh
Usulis
Usury
Utaybi, Juhayman al-
Uthman Dan Fodio
Uthman ibn Affan
Uwaysi Tariqah
Uzayr
Uzbekistan, Islam in
Uzzah, al-
Vazir
Veil
Verses
Vezir
Vicegerent
Vilayat-i Faqih
Virtue Party
Vizier
Waad
WABIL
Wadud, Amina
Wahdat al-Shuhud
Wahdat al-Wujud
Wahhabis
Wahhabiyyah
Wahid, Abdurrahman
Wahy
Waiting Period
Wajib
Wakalat al-Ammah, al-
Wakalat al-Khassah, al-
Wakil
Walad
Walayah
Wali
Wali al-Ahd
Wali al-Amr
Wali Allah, Shah
Walid, Khalid ibn al-Mughira Makhzumi al-
Wansharisi, Ahmad al-
Waqf
Waqidi, Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Umar al-
War
Waraqah ibn Nawfal ibn Asad
Wasat Party
Washing, Funerary
Wasi
Wasil ibn Ata
Wasiyyah
Wataniyyah
Wazifah
Wazir
Weddings
Weiss, Leopold
Welfare Party
West Bank and Gaza, Islam in
Westernization
Westoxification
Whirling Dervishes
White Revolution
Wilayah
Wilayat al-Faqih
Wird
Wisdom
Wives of the Prophet
Wolcott, Louis Eugene
Women and Islam
Women's Action Forum
World Ahl al-Bayt Islamic League
World Assembly of Muslim Youth
World Community of Islam in the West
World Council for Islamic Call
World Council of Mosques
World Federation of Khoja Shia Ithna-Ashari Muslim Communities
World Islamic Council for Propagation and Relief
Worship
Wudu
Wuquf
Yahya ibn Muhammad
Yahya ibn Zakariyya
Yakan, Shaykh Fathi
Yaqin, al-
Yaqub
Yarmuk, Battle of
Yasa
Yasa, al-
Yashruti Tariqah
Yasin, Abd al-Salam
Yasin, Shaykh Ahmad
Yathrib
Yawm al-Din
Yawm al-Qiyama
Yazid
Year of the Elephant
Yemeni Society for Reform
YMMA
Young Men's Muslim Association
Young Ottomans
Young Turks
Yuldeshev, Tahir
Yunus
Yusuf
Yusufi Tariqah
Zabidi, Muhammad Murtada al-
Zabur
Zachariah
Zahid
Zahir
Zahir al-Riwayah
Zahiri
Zahiriyyah
Zaim
Zakah
Zakariyya
Zallum, Abd al-Qadhim
Zamakhshari, Abu al-Qasim Mahmud ibn Umar
Zamzam
Zand Dynasty
Zandaqah
Zann
Zanzibar, Islam in
Zawiyah
Zayd ibn Ali
Zaydis
Zayn al-Abidin, Ali
Zaynab bint al-Khuzaymah
Zaynab bint Ali
Zaynab bint Jahsh
Zaynab bint Muhammad
Zaytunah
Zechariah
Zia-ul-Haq, Mohammad
Zikr
Zina
Zindiq
Ziyarah
Zoroastrianism and Islam
Zu'l-Janah
Zuhd
Zuhri, Muhammad ibn Muslim ibn Shihab
Zulaykha
Zulm
Zurkhaneh

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