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Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Edited by Ibrahim Kalin, Salim Ayduz, and Caner Dagli

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam provides both an overview and a comprehensive and detailed survey of the main features of philosophy, science, medicine and technology in the Muslim world. The level of entries are scholarly, based on primary and secondary sources, and aimed at advanced students of Islamic philosophy and science. The selection of entries as well as their content reflect the highest academic standards and most recent research in the field, providing scholars and advanced students with in-depth surveys on the most important issues in the study of these topics, serving as the authoritative reference work on this important area of research.

Published by Oxford University Press, 2013.


ʿAbbās ibn Firnās
ʿAbduh, Muḥammad
Abdus Salam
Aesthetic Theory
Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn
Agricultural Sciences
Akhlāq
Alchemy
Algebra
ʿĀmilī, Bahāʾ al-Dīn al-
ʿĀmirī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-
Animals in Islamic Law and Muslim Culture
Anqarawī, Ismāʿīl
Architecture
Aristotelianism/Peripatetic Tradition in Islam
Arithmetic
Ashʿarī, Abū al-Ḥasan al-
Ashʿarism
Astrolabe
Astrology
Astronomical Tables
Astronomy
Atom and Atomism
Awliyā Chalabī
Aẓhar, al-
Bahmanyār b. Marzūbān
Banū Mūsā
Battānī, al-
Bayt al-Ḥikmah
Bioethics
Biology
Bīrūnī, al-
Biṭrūjī, al-
Botany
Bursevi, Ismail Hakki
Būzjānī, Abū-l-Wafāʾ
Calendars
Cause and Effect
Chalabī, Hezārfen Aḥmet
Change and Movement
Chemistry and Alchemy
Classification of the Sciences
Compass
Contingency and Necessity
Cosmological Science, Modern
Cosmology and Models of the Cosmos
Cybernetics
Darülfünun, Ottoman
Deduction and Induction
Demonstration
Design Argument
Earth Sciences
Education
Environment
Epistemology, Philosophy, and Science
Estimation
Ether
Ethics
Evolution and Muslim Responses to It
Existence and Essence
Existence and Non-Existence
Fārābī, al-
Farghāni, Abuʾl-ʿAbbas al-
Fārisī, Kamāl al-Dīn al-
Fārūqī, Ismāʿīl Rājī al-
Gardens and Landscaping
Gelenbevi, Ismail
Geography and Cartography
Geology
Geomancy
Geometry
Ghazālī, Abū Ḥāmid al-
Ghazālī, Aḥmad al-
God, Proofs for the Existence of
God-World Relationship
Guénon, René
Hermeneutics and Allegorical Interpretation
Ḥiyal
Hospitals and Medical Institutions
ʿIbādī, Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq al-
Ibn al-ʿArabī
Ibn al-ʿAwwām
Ibn al-Bayṭār
Ibn al-Ḥaytham
Ibn al-Jazzār
Ibn al-Nafīs
Ibn al-Raqqām
Ibn al-Rāwandī
Ibn al-Shāṭir
Ibn al-ẓuhr Family
Ibn Bājjah
Ibn Baṣṣāl
Ibn Baṭṭūṭah
Ibn Ḥazm
Ibn Juljūl
Ibn Kamāl
Ibn Khaldūn, ʿAbd al-Raḥmān
Ibn Masarrah
Ibn Muʿādh
Ibn Nawbakht
Ibn Rushd, Abū al-Walīd Muḥammad Aḥmad
Ibn Sabʿīn, ʿAbd al-Ḥaqq
Ibn Sīnā
Ibn Taymīyah, Taqī al-Dīn
Ibn Ṭufayl
Ibn Yūnus
Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ
Impact of the Scientific Revolution and Western Science
Industry
Institutions of Science Education
Iqbal, Muhammad
ʿIrāqī, Abu al-Qāsim al-
Isfahan, School of
Ishrāqīyūn
Ismāʿīlī Philosophy
Jābir ibn Aflaḥ
Jābir ibn Ḥayyān
Jāḥiẓ, al-
Jazarī, al-
Jīlī, ʿAbd al-Karīm al-
Kalām Cosmological Argument
Karajī, al-
Kāshānī, Afḍal al-Dīn
Kātib Chalabi
Khan, Sayyid Ahmad
Khayāl
Khayyām, ʿUmar
Khāzinī, Abū al-Fatḥ ʿAbd Raḥmān al-
Khwārizmī, al-
Kindī, al-
Kirmānī, Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-
Knowledge and Its Types
Libraries in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey
Light and Illumination
Linguistics
Logic and Logical Terms
Logical Proofs in Science and Philosophy
Madrasas
Magic
Major Correspondences in Philosophy and Science
Major Discoveries and Inventions
Majrīṭī, al-
Majrītī, Maslamah ibn AḤmad al-
Maps and Mapmaking
Masʿūdī, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī al-
Mathematics
Matter and Form
Māturīdī
Mechanics and Engineering
Medicine
Metalwork
Metaphysics
Methods in Science
Military Institutions
Mineralogy
Mīr Dāmād
Miracles
Miskawayh, AḤmad ibn
Mollā Fenāri
Mullā Jāmī
Mullā Ṣadrā
Murādī, al-
Music, Philosophy, and Science
Music, Technical Aspects of
Muʿtazilah
Muwaqqit and the Munajjimbashi, Office of the
Nasafī, ʿAzīz al-Dīn al-
Nāṣir-i Khusraw
Nautical Sciences
Numerology
Nursî, Bediüzzaman Said
Observation
Observatories
Optics and Optical Theories
Paper
Philosophy
Philosophy of Science in Islamic Civilization
Physics
Piri Reis
Platonism and Neoplatonism
Political Science
Primary Schools
Prime Matter in Science and Philosophy
Psychology
Pythagoras in Islam
Qayṣarī Dāwūd al-
Quality and Quantity
Qūhī, Abū Sahl al-
Qūnawī, Ṣadr al-Dīn al-
Qurʾān and Science, the Contemporary Debate
Qushjī, ʿAlī al-
Rahman, Fazlur
Rāzī, Abū Bakr MuḤammad ibn Zakarīyā al-
Rāzī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-
Reason and Intellect
Reason and Revelation in Islam
Religion, Philosophy of
Riḍā, MuḤammad Rashīd
Rūmī, Jalāl al-Dīn
Rūmī, Qāḍīzāde al-
Sabzawārī, Mullā Hādī
Samarqandī, Shams al-Dīn al-
Sanad ibn ʿAlī
Science
Science Education in the Muslim World
Sciences of History
Self, the
Sensation
Sexuality
Shah Waliullah
Shahrazūrī, Shams al-Dīn
Shirāzī, Quṭb al-Dīn
Sijistānī, Abū Sulaymān al-
Sijistānī, Abū Yaʿqūb al-
Sinan the Architect
Social Sciences
Soul, the
Space
Spirit
Substance and Accident
Ṣūfī, ʿAbd al-RaḤmān, al-
Sufism, Doctrinal and Philosophical
Suhrawardī, Shihāb al-Dīn al-
Sundials
Surgery and Surgical Sciences
Surgical Tools
Ṭabarī, Ibn Rabbān al-
Ṭabāṭabāʾī, MuḤammad
Taqī al-Dīn ibn Maʿrūf
TawḤīdī, Abū Ḥayyān al-
Technology and Applied Sciences
Tehran, School of
Thābit ibn Qurra
Thānvī, Ashraf ʿAlī
Theology
Theories of Language
Theories of Light
Theories of Matter
Translation of Greek and Persian Texts into Arabic
Transmission of Greek Science and Philosophy
Transmission of Indian Science and Philosophy
Transmission of Islamic Scientific and Philosophical Works to Europe
Transmission of the Modern Exact Science to the Muslim World
Trigonometry
Ṭūsī, Naṣīr al-Dīn al-
Ṭūsī, Sharaf al-Dīn al-
Uluğ Bey
Universal and Particular
Universities
Urbanism
Virtue
Void
Waḥdat al-Wujūd
Watermill
Weights
Western Reception of Islamic Philosophy
Windmill
Wisdom
Women in Science
Yanyali Esat Efendi
Zahrāwī Al-
Zarqālī, al-
Zoology

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