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The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Edited by John L. Esposito

Publishing in print in February 2009, this encyclopedia presents students, researchers, political analysts, journalists, and common readers with accurate, comprehensive, and balanced scholarship on all aspects of the world's fastest-growing religion and the areas it affects: society, politics, economics, everyday life, culture, and thought.

A six-volume work, this set constitutes a major revision and massive expansion of the 1995 Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. In addition to covering Islamic societies in the modern world from the eighteenth century to the present, as the earlier four-volume set did, it will add a depth of historical background going back to the pre-Islamic era. The new reference also covers the full geographical extent of Islam by focusing not only on the countries in which Islam is dominant, but also on regions in which Muslims live as minorities, such as Europe and the Americas.

As with the original Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, the articles in this new encyclopedia take a broad, comparative, and multidisciplinary approach in dealing with issues that span across a multitude of countries and centuries.

Published by Oxford University Press, 2009.


A–B | C–E | F–J | K–O | P–S | T–Z | Maps

A–B

Aa Gym
ʿAbbāsid Caliphate
ʿAbd Al-ʿazīz, Shāh
ʿAbd Al-nāṣir, Jamāl
ʿAbd Al-qādir
ʿAbd Al-rāziq, ʿAlī
ʿAbd Al-raḥmān, ʿā'ishah
ʿAbd Al-razzāq Al-sanhūrī
Abū Dharr Al-ghifārī
Abd El-krim
Abdülhamid II
Abdalī Dynasty
Abdel Rahman, Omar
ʿAbduh, Muḥammad
Abdullah bin Abd al-Azaz al-Saud
Abdurrahman Wahid
Abim
Ablutions
Abortion
Abraham
Abu Bakr
Abu Sayyaf Group
Abu Sufyan
Abu Zayd, Nasir Hamid
ʿAdālah
Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (AKP)
Adam
Adat
Adoption
Aesthetic Theory
Afghānī, Jamāl Al-dīn Al-
Afghan Mujāhidīn
Afghanistan
African Languages and Literatures
Afshārid Dynasty
Afterlife
Aga Khan
Aga Khan Foundation
Agriculture
Ahbash, al-
ʿAhd
Ahl Al-ḥall Wa-al-ʿaqd
Ahl al-adth
Ahl Al-bayt
Ahl Al-kitāb
Aḥmad Barelwī, Sayyid
Ahmad, Eqbal
Aḥmad Khān, Sayyid
Aḥmad Sirhindī
Aḥmadīyah
Aisha
Aitmatov, Chingiz
Akbar
Akcura, Yusuf
Akhbārīyah
Akhlāq
ākhūnd
Akseki, Ahmet Hamdi
Al-
ʿAlawī, Aḥmad Al-
ʿAlawid Dynasty
ʿAlawīyah
ʿAlī Ibn Abī ṭālib
Al-khoei Benevolent Foundation
Al-Qaida
Albania
Alchemy
Alexander the Great
'Alevis
Algeria
Alhambra
Aligarh
Allāh
All-India Muslim League
ʿAllāl Al-fāsī, Muḥammad
Almsgiving
Amān
Amīr
Amīr Al-mu'minīn
Amal
Ameer Ali, Syed
Anṣār
Anatolian Tigers
Anavatan Partisi
Andalusia
Angels
Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia
Anglo-Muhammadan Law
Anjuman
Apostasy
ʿAqīdah
Aqsa, al-
Arab League
Arab Nationalism
Arab Socialism
Arab-Israeli Conflict
Arabic
Arabic Literature
Arafat
Architecture
Arkān
Arkoun, Mohammed
ʿAṣabīyah
Asadābādī, Jamāl Al-dīn Al-
Ashar, Ab al-asan Al al-
ʿāshūrā'
Asmāʿ al-Ḥusna, al-
Assad, Hafiz al-, and Bashar al-Assad
Assassins
Assyrians
Astrolabe
Astrology
Astronomy
ʿAtabāt
Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal
Australia and New Zealand
Authority and Legitimation
Avrupa Millî GörüŞ TeŞkilati
Awami League
Ayatollah
āzād, Abū Al-kalām
Azad Kashmir
Azerbaijan
Azhar, Al-
'Azzam, 'Abdullah Yusuf
Bāb
Bābism
Bāzargān, Mehdi
Baʿth Parties
Badr, Battle of
Baghdad
Bahā' Allāh
Bahā'ī
Bahrain
Bakkā'ī Al-kuntī, Aḥmad Al-
Balkan States
Bangladesh
Banks and Banking
Bannā', ḥasan Al-
Banu Isra'il
Baqillani, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn at-Tayyib al-
Barakah
Barelwī, Sayyid Aḥmad
Barelwīs
Basmachis
Bayʿah
Bayramiye
Bazaar
Beatific Vision
Bektāshīyah
Belhadj, 'Ali
Ben Badis
Bennabi, Malik
Berbers
Bhutto, Benazir
Bidʿah
Bigi, Musa Yarullah
Bin Laden, Osama
Bint Al-shāṭi'
Biography and Hagiography
Birth Rites
Black Muslims
Black Stone
Blasphemy
Bohrās
Book Publishing
Borujerdi, Moḥammad ḥosayn
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bouhired, Djamila
Brazil
Brunei
Bukhara Khanate
Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughirah al-
Bulaç, Ali
Bunyād
Burhānuddīn, Sayyidnā Muḥammad
Burma
Buyids

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C–E

Córdoba, Caliphate of
Cairo
Calendar
Caliph
Caliphate Movement
Calligraphy and Epigraphy
Camba
Camel, Battle of the
Cameroon
Canada
Capitalism and Islam
Capitulations
Carpets
Cassettes
Central Asian Literatures
Ceramics
Cevdet, Abdullah
Chad
Chador
Charitable Associations
Chechnya
Children
Children's Books and Cartoons
Chirāgh ʿalī
Chishtīyah
Christianity and Islam
Cinema
Circumcision
Citizenship
Clash of Civilizations
Class
Clitoridectomy
Clothing
Commercial Law
Communications Media
Communism and Islam
Congresses
Conseil Français du Culte Musulman (CFCM)
Conseil National Des Français Musulmans
Consensus
Constitution
Constitution of Medina
Constitutional Revolution
Contract Law
Conversion
Cosmology
Creeds
Crimea Khanate
Crimean Tatars
Criminal Law
Crusades
Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi
Customs
Cyprus
Dönme
Dāʿiyah
Dār Al-ḥarb
Dār Al-ṣulḥ
Dār Al-Islām
Dīn Wa-dunyā
Dīwān
Dūrī, ʿabd Al-ʿazīz Al-
Daʿwah
Dagestan
Dajjl, Al-
Dakwah
Damascus
Dan Fo, Usuman
Dance
Dar Ul Arqam
Darul Islam
Dawlah
Dawlah Al-islāmīyah, Al-
Death
Delhi Sultanate
Democracy
Democratization
Demokrat Parti
Deobandīs
Dervishes
Destour
Deviation
Devotional Music
Devotional Poetry
Dhikr
Dhimmī
Diaspora and Exile
Dietary Rules
Dihlawī, Shāh Walī Allāh
Din
Diplomacy
Diplomatic Immunity
Diplomatic Missions
Divination
Divorce
Diyanet eri Bakanl
Djibouti
Dome of the Rock
Drama
Dress
Druze
Durrānī Dynasty
Ebadi, Shirin
Economic Development
Economics
Education
Egypt
Elections
Electronic Media
Elijah Muhammad
Elmalili, Muhammed Hamdi Yazir
Embassies
Emre, Yunus
England
Ennadha
Enver Pasha
Epigraphy
Erbakan, Necmettin
Erdogan, Recep Tayyip
Eritrea
Ersoy, Mehmed Âkif
Eschatology
Ethics
Ethiopia
Ethnicity
Europe, Muslims in
European Council for Fatwa and Research
Exegesis

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F–J

Fāṭimid Dynasty
Fārūqī, Ismāʿīl Rājī Al-
Fāsī, Muḥammad ʿAllāl Al-
Fédération Nationale Des Musulmans De France
Faḍlallāh, Muḥammad ḥusayn
Faith
Fakhreddin, Rizaeddin
Falsafah
Family
Family Law
Family Planning
Fana'
Faqīh
Faqir
Farḍ Al-ʿayn
Farḍ Al-kifāyah
Faraj, 'Abd al-Salam
Fasting
Fathy, Hassan
Fatimah
Fatwā
Federation of Islamic Associations
Female Genital Mutilation
Feminism
Fez
Fidā'īyān-i Islām
Film
Fiqh
Fiqh al-Sunnah
Firangi Mahall
Fis
Fitnah
Fitrah
Foundation For the Disinherited
France
Front Islamique Du Salut
Fulānī Dynasty
Fundamentalism
Funerary Rites
Funj Sultanate
Futūwah
Fyzee, Asaf Ali Asghar
Gökalp, Mehmet Ziya
Gambia
Games and Sport
Gardens and Landscaping
Gasprinskii, Ismail Bey
Gaza
Geomancy
Germany
Ghana
Ghannūshī, Rāshid Al-
Ghaybah
Ghazālī, Abū ḥāmid Al-
Ghazālī, Muḥammad Al-
Ghazālī, Zaynab Al-
Ghazw
Girūgān
Government
Great Britain
Groupe Islamique Armé (GIA)
Groupement Islamique En France
Guardianship
Guilds
Guinea
Gul, Abdullah
Gülen, Fethullah
Gulf States
Guma, Ali
Habous
Hagiography
Hak-Is
Hakim
Hakim, Muhammad Baqir al-
ḥākimīyah
Hakimiyah, al-
Hallaj, Husayn ibn Mansur al-
Hamas Parliament: Change and Reform
Hamdard Foundation
Hamka
ḥā'irī Yazdī, ʿAbd Al-karīm
ḥaḍārah
ḥadīth
ḥajj
ḥakīm, Muḥsin Al-
ḥalāl
ḥamās
ḥanafī
ḥanafī, ḥasan
ḥanbalī
ḥaqq
ḥarām
ḥarakāt Al-tawḥīd Al-islāmī
ḥarb
Harun al-Rashid
Hassan of Morocco
Hatt-i Hümayun of Gülhane
Hawwa, Said
Hawzah
Hazaras
Health Care
Heaven
Hekmatyar, Gulbuddin
Hell
ḥijāb
Hijaz
Hijrah
Hirabah
ḥilf
ḥillī, ʿAllāmah ibn Al-muṭahhar al-
ḥisbah
Historiography
ḥizb
ḥizb Al-daʿwah Al-islāmīyah
ḥizb Al-nahḍah
Hizb al-Wasat
Hizb ut-Tahrir
ḥizb Al-taḥrīr Al-islāmī
ḥizb-i Islāmī Afghānistān
ḥizbullāh
Holidays
Homosexuality
Honor
Hostages
Houris
Houses
Hudaybiyyah, al-
Human Rights
ḥuṣrī, Abū Khaldūn Sāṭiʿ Al-
ḥudūd
ḥujjatīyah
ḥukūmah
ḥurrīyah
ḥusayn Ibn ʿAlī
ḥusayn Ibn ʿAlī
ḥusaynī, Al-ḥājj Amīn Al-
ḥusaynīyah
ḥusayn, ṭāhā
ḥusaynid Dynasty
Hussein ibn Talal of Jordan
ʿīd Al-aḍḥā
ʿīd Al-fiṭr
'Ibadah
Iʿjāz
Iṣlāḥ
Ibāḍī Dynasty
Ibāḍīyah
Iblīs
Ibn ʿAbd Al-wahhāb, Muḥammad
Ibn Al-ʿArabī, Muḥyī Al-dīn
Ibn Bādīs, ʿAbd Al-ḥamīd
Ibn Hanbal, Ahmad
Ibn Hazm, 'Ali ibn Ahmad
Ibn Idrīs, Aḥmad
Ibn Kathir
Ibn Khaldūn, ʿAbd Al-raḥmān
Ibn Majah
Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyah
Ibn Rushd, Abu-al-Walid Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad
Ibn Sina, Abu 'Ali Husayn ibn 'Abd Allah
Ibn Taymīyah, Taqī Al-dīn Aḥmad
Ibrahim, Anwar
Iconography
Iddah
Identity
Ideology and Islam
Idrīsīyah
Idrīsid Dynasty
Ihsan
Iifso
Ijmāʿ
Ijtihād
Illumination
ʿIlm
Imāmī Shiism
Imāmah
Imāmzādah
Imam
Imam Hatip Schools
īmān
India
Indian Ocean Societies
Indonesia
Indonesian Literature
Inheritance
Innovation
Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs
Intercession
Interest
Interfaith Dialogue
International Islamic Federation of Student Organizations
International Islamic University At Islamabad
International Islamic University At Kuala Lumpur
International Law
International Relations and Diplomacy
Internet
IntiẒar
Intifada
Iqbal, Muhammad
Iran
Iranian Revolution of 1979
Iraq
'Irfan
Irtidad
Ishaki, Ayaz
Islam
Islamic Action Front
Islamic Calendar
Islamic Call Society
Islamic Chamber of Commerce
Islamic Cultural Centers
Islamic Development Bank
Islamic Foundation
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
Islamic Movements
Islamic Renaissance Party
Islamic Republican Party
Islamic Salvation Front
Islamic Society of North America
Islamic State
Islamic Studies
Islamic Tendency Movement
Islamism
Islamonline.net
Islamophobia
Ismāʿīlīyah
Isma'il
Isnad
Israel
Istanbul
Istihsan
Istiqlāl
Istislah
Ithnā ʿasharīyah
Ittihad Ve Terakki Cemiyeti
Ittihad-i Muhammadi Cemiyeti
Izzetbegovic, Alija
Jāhilīyah
Jāmiʿah Al-sayfīyah, Al-
Jaʿfarī
Ja'far al-Sadiq
Jabhat Al-inqādh Al-islāmī
Jadīdism
Jahiz, al-
Jamāʿat Al-islāmīyah, Al-
Jamāʿat Tablīgh
Jamāʿat-i Islāmī
Jamʿīyat Al-shubbān Al-muslimīn
Jamʿīyatul ʿulamā'-i Hind
Jamʿīyatul ʿulamā'-i Islām
Jamʿīyatul ʿulamā'-i Pākistān
Janissaries
Jaysh
Jazeera, al-
Jemaah Islamiyah
Jerusalem
Jesus
Jihād
Jihād Organizations
Jilani, Abd al-Qadir al-
Jinnah, Mohammad Ali
Jizyah
Jordan
Judaism and Islam
Judge
Jumblatt, Kamal
Jumhūrīyah
Justice

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K–O

Kāmil, Muṣṭafā
Kāshāni, Abol-qāsem
Kabylia
Kadivar, Muhsin
Kalām
Kano
Karakoç, Sezai
Karbala
Kashmir
Kasravi, Aḥmad
Kawākibī, ʿabd Al-raḥmān Al-
Kazakhstan
Kazan Khanate
Kemal, Mehmet Namik
Kemal, Mustafa
Kemalism
Khālid, Khālid Muḥammad
Khānqāh
Khārijites
Khū'ī, Abū Al-qāsim
Khaṭṭābī, Muḥammad Ibn ʿabd Al-karīm Al-
Khadija bint Khuwaylid
Khalafallāh, Muḥammad Aḥmad
Khaled, Amr
Khalwatīyah
Khamenei, 'Ali
Khan
Kharāj
Khatami, Mohamed
Khatmīyah
Khattabiyyah
Khawārij
Khedive
Khilāfah
Khilāfat Movement
Khiva Khanate
Kho'i, Abol-qāsem
Khojas
Khomeini, Ruhollah Al-musavi
Khoqand Khanate
Khuṭbah
Khums
Kindi, Abu Yusuf Ya'qub ibn Ishaq al-
King Faisal Foundation
Kirghizia
Kisakürek, Necip Fazil
Kishk, ʿabd Al-ḥamīd
Komiteh
Kosovo
Kufr
Kuftaro, Ahmad
Kuntī, Al-
Kurds
Kuwait
Kyrgyzstan
Labor Party of Egypt
Laiklik
Land Tenure
Laskar Jihad
Law
Lawh al-mahfuz
Laylat al-Qadr
Lebanon
Liberation Movement of Iran
Libraries
Libya
Life Cycle
Loya Jirga
Mālikī
Mūsā, Nabawīyah
Maḥkamah
Maḥmūd, Muṣṭafā
Maṣlaḥah
Ma'rifah
Madīnah Al-fāḍilah, Al-
Madanī, ʿAbbāsī
Madhhab
Madrasah
Madrasahs in Samarqand and Bukhara
Magazines
Magic and Sorcery
Mahdī, Al-ṣādiq Al-
Mahdīyah
Mahdi
Mahmud of Ghazna
Mahr
Mai Tatsine
Majallah
Majlis
Majlisī, Muḥammad Bāqir Al-
Makkah
Malay and Indonesian Literature
Malaysia
Malcolm X
Mali
Malik
Malik ibn Anas, Abu 'Abd Allah
Malkom Khān
Mamlūk State
Marāghī, Muṣṭafā Al-
Marjaʿ Al-Taqlīd
Market
Marriage and Divorce
Martyrdom
Mary
Maryam Jameelah
Mashhad
Mashrūṭah
Mashwarah
Masjumi
Masri, Abu Hamza al-
Mathematics
Maturidi, Abu Mansur ibn Muhammad
Mauritania
Mawdūdī, Sayyid Abū Al-aʿlā
Mawlā
Mawlāy
Mawlawīyah
Mawlid
Mecca
Mecelle
Medicine
Medina
Medina Charter
Meditation
Menstruation
Menzil Cemaati
Mernissi, Fatima
Messali Al-ḥajj
Messianism
Metalwork
Mevlevî
Miʿrāj
Migration
Military Forces
Millî Nizam Partisi
Millî Selamet Partisi
Millet
Minaret
Minorities
Mir Damad
Miracles
Modernism
Modernization and Development
Modesty
Monarchy
Monasticism
Mongols
Monotheism
Moors
Moriscos
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro National Liberation Front
Morocco
Moses
Mosque
Mourning
Movies
Muḥammad
Muḥammad ʿAbduh
Muḥammad ʿAlī Dynasty
Muḥarram
Muḥtasib
Muṣṭafā, Shukrī
Muṭahharī, MurtaẒā
Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan
Mudarabah
Muezzin
Muftī
Mughal Empire
Muhajiroun, al-
Muhajirun
Muhammad V of Morocco
Muhammadiyah
Mujāhidīn
Mujaddid
Mujahid
Mujtahid
Mukhtār, ʿUmar Al-
Mulk
Mulla Sadra
Mullabashi
Mullah
Murīdīyah
Murabitun
Music
Muslim Brotherhood
Muslim Council of Britain
Muslim League
Muslim World League
Muslim-Christian Dialogue
Muslim-Jewish Dialogue
Mustaḍʿafūn
Mutʿah
Muwahhidun
Myanmar
Nāṣif, Malak ḥifnī
Nā'īnī, Muḥammad ḥusayn
Nūrī, FaẒlullāh
Nahḍah
Nahdatul Ulama
Najaf
Namangani, Juma
Names and Naming
Naqshbandīyah
Nasa'i, al-
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein
Nasrallah, Hasan
Nasser, Gamal Abdel
Nasserism
Nation
Nation of Islam
National Islamic Front
National Salvation Party
Natsir, Mohammad
Natural Sciences
Nawrūz
New Year
New Zealand
Newspapers and Magazines
Niʿmatullāhīyah
Niger
Nigeria
Night Journey
Niqābah.
Nuṣayrīyah
Nubūwah.
Numerology
Nurcholish Madjid
Nurculuk
Nursî, Said
Oman
Omar, Mullah
Organization of the Islamic Conference
Organization of the Islamic Jihād
Orientalism
Ottoman Empire
Özel, Ismet
Özal, Turgut

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P–S

Pahlavi, Muhammad Reza Shah
Pahlavi, Reza Shah
Painting
Pakistan
Palestinian Territories/West Bank/Gaza
Palestinian Territories/West Bank/Gaza Liberation Organization
Pamphlets and Tracts
Pan-arabism
Pan-islam
Pan-Turkism
Paradise
Partai Islam Se-malaysia
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan
Party for Democratic Action (SDA)
Patani United Liberation Organization
Penal Law
People of the Book
Perical Literature
Perkim
Persian Literature: Persian Literature Until 1990
Pesantren
Pharaoh
Philippines
Philosophy
Pilgrimage
Pillars of Islam
Pious Foundations
Pir
Poetry
Political Parties
Polygyny
Popular Religion
Population Growth
Pottery and Ceramics
Prayer
Property
Prophethood
Prophets
Puberty Rites
Public Law
Purdah
Purification
Qāḍī
Qādirīyah
Qājār Dynasty
Qānūn
Qadhdhāfī, Muʿammar Al-
Qadiris
Qairawan
Qaradawi, Yusuf al-
Qaramanli Dynasty
Qatar
Qawwali
Qiṣāṣ
Qiyas
Qom
Quṭb, Sayyid
Qur'ān
Qur'ānic Recitation
Rābiṭah, Al-
Rābi'ah of 'Adawīyah
Radio and Television
Rahman, Fazlur
Ramaḍān
Ramadan, Tariq
Rashīd Riḍā, Muḥammad
Rassemblement Constitutionel Democratique
RawẒah Khvānī
Ray, Ijtihad bi-al-
Razi, Fakhr ad-Din ar-
Reconquista
RefÂh Partisi
Reference Books
Reform
Refugees
Regional Islamic Daʿwah Council of Southeast Asia and the Pacific
Relics
Repentance
Republic
Republican Brothers
Resurrection
Revelation
Revival and Renewal
Revolution
Riḍā, Rashīd
Ribā
Rifāʿīyah
Rightly Guided Caliphs
Risale-i Nur
Rites of Passage
Rushdie Affair
Russia
Sūq
Sacrifice
ṣadr
ṣadr, Mūsā Al-
ṣadr, Muḥammad Bāqir Al-
Sadr, Muhammad Sadiq al-
Sadr, Muqtada al-
Saʿūd, ʿAbd Al-ʿazīz Ibn ʿabd Al-raḥmān āl
Saʿūd, Fayṣal Ibn ʿAbd Al-ʿazīz āl
Saʿdāwī, Nawāl Al-
ṣafavid Dynasty
ṣaḥwah
Said Halim Pasha, Mehmed
Sainthood
Salafīyah
Salafi Groups
Salah al-Din
ṣalāt
Sama'
Samanids
Samarkand
Sanūsīyah
Sanhūrī, ʿabd Al-razzāq Al-
Sanjak
Sarajevo
Sardar, Ziauddin
Sarekat Islam
Satan
Saudi Arabia
ṣawm
Sayyid
Schuon, Frithjof
Science
SDA-Democratic Action Party
Seclusion
Secularism
Seljuk Dynasty
Senegal
September 11th
Seveners
Sexuality
Seyh Said Rebellion
Shāfiʿī
Shīʿī Islam
Shīrāzī, Sayyid ʿalī Muḥammad Al-
Shūrā
Shaʿrāwī, Hudā
Shaṭṭārīyah
Shabazz, El-Hajj Malik El-
Shadhilīyah
Shadow of God
Shafīq, Durrīyah
Shah
Shahādah
Shahrastani, Abu-al-Fath Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Karim
Shahrour, Mohamed
Shaltūt, Maḥmūd
Shame
Sharīʿah
Sharīʿatī, ʿalī
Sharīf
Shaykh
Shaykh al-ishraq Suhrawardi
Shaykh Al-islām
Shaykhīyah
Shirk
Shirk
Shrine
Shu'ubiyyah
Sibāʿī, Muṣṭafā Al-
Sibawayh, 'Amr ibn 'Uthman
Sijistani, Abu Da'ud al-
Silsilah
Sin
Şinasi, Ibrahim
Singapore
Sipāh-i Pasdarān-i Inqilāb-i Islāmī
Sirhindī, Aḥmad
Sisters in Islam
Slavery
Social Sciences
Socialism and Islam
Sokoto Caliphate
Somalia
Soroush, 'Abd al-Karim
South Africa
Spanish Umayyads
Sport
State
Stereotypes in Mass Media
Suavi, Ali
Sudan
Sufism
Sufism and Politics
Suhrawardi, al-
Suhrawardi, Shaykh al-Ishraq
Suicide
Suicide Bombings
Sulayman the Magnificent
Sultan
Sunnī Islam
Sunnah
Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI)
Suriname
Surrogate Motherhood
Syncretism
Syndicates
Syria

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T–Z

Taʿzīr
Taʿziyah
Tabari, Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-
ṭabāṭabā'ī, Muḥammad ḥusayn
ṭabāṭabā'ī Al-ḥakīm, Muḥsin Ibn Mahdī
Tablīgh
Tablīghī Jamāʿat
Tafsīr
ṭāghūt
Tajdīd
Tajikistan
Tajwid
Takbir
Takfīr
Takfīr Wa Al-hijrah, Jamāʿat Al-
Talbi, Muhammad
ṭāleqāni, Maḥmud
Taliban
Talibanization
Tanzania
Tanzimat
Taqīyah
Taqlīd
Taqwā
ṭarīqah
Tawḥīd
Tawaf
Tawba
Taxation
Technology and Applied Sciences
Tekke
Television
Temporary Marriage
Terrorism
Textiles
Thailand
Theology
ṭibb
Tijānī, Aḥmad Al-
Tijānīyah
Timurids
Topcu, Nurettin
Trade
Traditions
Tribe
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunahan, Suleyman Hilmi
Tunisia
Tunku 'Abd al-Rahman
Turābī, ḥasan Al-
Turkey
Turkish Literature
Turkmenistan
Twelvers
Uṣūl Al-fiqh
Uṣūlīyah
Uganda
Uhud, Battle of
ʿUlamā'
ʿUmar Al-mukhtār
Umar B. 'Abd al-Aziz
'Umar ibn al-Khattab
ʿUmar Tal
Umayyad Caliphate
Ummah
Ummah-anṣār
Umrah
Union Des Organisations Islamiques De France
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United Kingdom Islamic Mission
United Malays National Organization
United States of America
Universities
Urban Planning
Urdu Literature
ʿurf
ʿushr
'Uthman ibn 'Affan
Uzbekistan
Veil
Vicegerent
Vilāyat-i Faqīh
Vizier
Volga Tatars
Waṭan
WaẒīfah
Wadud, Amina
Wahdat al-Wujud
Wahhābīyah
Wakālah Al-ʿāmmah, Al-
Wakālah Al-khāṣṣah, Al-
Walāyah
Walī
Walī Allāh, Shāh
Waqf
War
Wazīr
West Bank and Gaza
Wilāyah
Wilāyat Al-faqīh
Women and Islam
Women and Social Reform
Women's Action Forum
Women's Movements
World Assembly of Muslim Youth
World Muslim Congress
Xinjiang
Yan Tatsine
Yasevi, Ahmed
Yasin, Abdessalam
Yasin, Ahmad
Yazidis
Yemen
Yemeni Congregation for Reform
Young Ottomans
Young Turks
Youth Movements
Ẓāhirī
Zāwiyah
Zūrkhānah
Zaʿīm
Zakāt
Zakariya, Maulana Muhammad
Zamakhshari, Abu-al-Qasim Mahmud ibn 'Umar
Zamzam
Zand Dynasty
Zarqawi, Abu Mus'ab al-
Zawahiri, Ayman al-
Zaydīyah
Zaynab bint 'Ali
Zaytūnah
Zikr
Zinah
Ziyārah
Ẓulm

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