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Encyclopedia of Islamic Bioethics

Ayman Shabana, Editor-in-chief

As a discipline, bioethics broadly refers to the study of the ethical dimensions of the life sciences, health care, and the environment. Modern bioethics traces its origins to several scholarly debates over a number of scientific, intellectual, and also political and cultural developments. Recently, the study of Islamic bioethics has grown to include normative discussions on medical and scientific issues as gleaned from the Islamic scriptural sources, as well as interpretation of these sources both in the Islamic intellectual tradition and in the modern period.

The forthcoming Encyclopedia of Islamic Bioethics (EIB) promises to fill a conspicuous vacuum in bioethical research and is poised to benefit research in Islamic law, culture, and societies. It will also be vital for comparative ethical, legal, social, and cultural studies. Most importantly, the EIB will contribute to the development of Islamic bioethics as a distinct academic discipline. The intellectual justification for any academic field is usually measured by the wealth of information resources that its major themes generate as a result of scholarly discussion and debate. It is equally measured by the availability of reliable reference works that articulate the major research issues as well as the important works that a serious researcher will need to consult. Historically speaking, the development of a specialized encyclopedia has often been considered the birth moment of a given discipline or area of study.

Editorial Board

Editor in Chief

Ayman Shabana
Georgetown University in Qatar

Advisory Board

Khaled Abou El Fadl
University of California, Los Angeles

Osman Bakar
University of Brunei Darussalam, Brunei

Abul Fadl Mohsin Ebrahim
University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Marcia C. Inhorn
Yale University

Farhat Moazam
Centre of Biomedical Ethics and Culture, Pakistan

Ingrid Mattson
Huron University College, Canada

Henk ten Have
Duquesne University

Tariq Ramadan
University of Oxford,UK/Center for Legislation and Ethics, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar

Robert M. Veatch
Georgetown University

Associate Editors

Alireza Bagheri
Tehran University, Iran

Mohammed Ghaly
Center for Legislation and Ethics, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar

Mohammad Hassan Khalil
Michigan State University

Ebrahim E.I. Moosa
University of Notre Dame

Aasim Padela
University of Chicago

Abdulaziz Sachedina
George Mason University

Sarra Tlili
University of Florida

Thematic Outline

Part 1: Conceptual Framework

Islamic Law
Theology
Ethics
Medicine, Science, and Technology

Part 2: Thematic Sections

Health Care Ethics and Clinical Ethics
Human Body
Beginning of (Human) Life
Reproduction
End of (Human) Life
Society and Public Health
Genetics
Vulnerable Populations
Research
Islamic Rituals
Medical Education

Distribution of Senior Editors

Mohammed Ghaly
Body Parts and Beginning of Life

Abdulaziz Sachedina
Reproduction and Ethics

Ebrahim Moosa
Contemporary Institutions and Medicine, Science and Technology

Aasim Padela
End of Human Life and Health Care and Clinical Ethics

Alireza Bagheri
Medical Education and Society and Public Health

Mohammed Khalil
Islamic Rituals and Theology

Ayman Shabana
Islamic Law and Genetics

Sarra Tlili
Research and Vulnerable Populations

Content

Starting in 2017, the first articles will be published on Oxford Islamic Studies Online:

Abortion
Agency
Animal research
Birth Control
Biobanking
Bioethics in Egypt
Castration
Central Asia, Islamic Music in
Central Asia, Islamic Radicalism in
Circumcision
Codes of Medical Ethics
Conscientious Objection
Cultural and Religious Pluralism in Kashmir
Dignity (human) / karamah
Enhancement
Euthanasia
Forensic Psychiatry
Future Generations
Human Reproduction
Institutionalization of Bioethical Deliberations
Islamic Fiqh Academy of India
Jammu & Kashmir Lok Sabha Elections, 2014
Law and Ethics in the Islamic Normative Tradition
Legal opinions
Living Will
Minors
Nanotechnology
Nature
Objectives of Sharīʿah
Physician’s Juristic Role
Prayer
Pregnancy
Public good (maslaha)
Quarantine
Religion, Science, and Technology
Ritual
Same-Sex Marriage in Islam
Sex Selection in Islamic Perspective
Schools of Legal Thought
Sex Reassignment
Suicide and Assisted Suicide
Treatment Refusal (by patient)
Torture and Punishment, Use of Medical Profession in
War Ethics

Forthcoming articles include:

(un)stable life
Addiction
Adoption
Afterlife
Anencephaly
Assisted reproductive technologies
Autonomy
Autopsy
Beginning of human life
Bioethical Theories in Islam
Bioethics in Indonesia
Bioethics in Iran
Bioethics in Malaysia
Bioethics in Pakistan
Bioethics in South Africa
Biosecurity
Birth rituals
Brain death
Burial and cremation
Causality
Clinical Ethics
Cloning
Confidentiality
Conflict of interest
Consanguineous marriage
Conscience
Cosmetic surgery
Counseling
Creation
Cross-gender relations
Culture and bioethics
Death and Dying
Death, definition of
Diet
Disability
Dissection
DNA fingerprinting
DNR (Do not resuscitate orders)
Duties of the physician
Elders
Embryo
Environmental ethics
Ethical theories in bioethics
Ethics in medical education
Ethics of science
Ethics, Islamic
Eugenics
European Council for Fatwa and Research
Evolution
Family planning
Fasting
Food and food additives
Free will, predestination, and acquisition
Gender
Gene therapy
Genetic counseling
Genetic determinism
Genetic intervention
Genetic testing
Genetically modified food
Genomics
God, Names and attributes
Hajj (vaccine, outbreak, pandemics)
Healing
Health and illness (physical/mental)
Health insurance
Heteronomy
Honor killing
Human body
Human experimentation
Human trusteeship/stewardship
Hymen reconstruction
Ijtihad
IMANA
Individual/community in bioethics
Infertility
Informed consent
Institutionalization of bioethical deliberations
Intentionality
Intersex
IRB/research ethics committee
Islamic bioethics curricula
Islamic Fiqh Academy (Organization of Islamic Cooperation)
Islamic Fiqh Council (Muslim World League)
Islamic Fiqh Council of North America
Islamic law/ethics and the state
Islamic medicine
Islamic Organization for Islamic Sciences (Kuwait)
Law and ethics in the Islamic normative tradition
Legal capacity/Competence (ahliyyaat al-wujub/ahliyyat al-ada/salahiyya)
Legal guardianship (wilayah)
Legal maxims
Legal reasoning (deduction/induction)
Marriage
Masturbation
Medical education
Medical futility
Medical oath
Medical practitioner's ethics (adab al-tabib)
Milk banks
Models of decision-making
Moral epistemology
Moral obligation/accountability (taklif)
Necessity rule (darurah)
Neuroethics
No harm (la darar)
Nursing care
Organ transplantation
Palliative care
Pandemic diseases
Patient-doctor relationship
Penal code in the context of bioethics
Personhood
Philosophical Ethics
Philosophy of Medicine
Philosophy of science
Pluralism/diversity
Prenatal testing
Preventive medicine
Principles of Islamic bioethics
Prisoners
Prophetic medicine (an overview)
Public health ethics
Purity
Quarantine
Rape
Research ethics
Resource allocation
Revelation and reason
Ritual slaughter
Sanctity (human) / hurmah
Secular Bioethics in Muslim societies
Self-endangerment
Sex reassignment
Sexuality (heterosexual/homosexual/bisexual)
Smoking
Social Ethics
Spiritual practices
Stem cell research
Sufi Ethics
Suicide
Surrogacy
Technology
Terminal illness
Terminal sedation
The Sunnah
Theodicy/suffering
Theological Schools
Theology (God and Humanity)
Torture and punishment, use of the medical profession in
Transgender
Transhumanism
Treatment withholding (by physician)
Truth telling
Tube feeding
Vaccination
Values
Vegetarianism
Virtue Ethics
Vulnerability
Vulnerable research subjects
Zakah

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