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What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam What is This? A guide to a wide variety of general questions asked by those looking to learn more about Muslim culture and the Islamic world.

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What is the significance of Mecca?

Mecca, in Saudi Arabia, is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the most sacred location in the Islamic world. It is the site of the Grand Mosque, which houses the Kaaba. (See previous question.) Millions of Muslims travel there each year from all over the world to perform the hajj. Mecca is seen as housing the spiritual center of the earth. Many Muslims believe that the actions of worship in Mecca, such as the circumambulation of the Kaaba (see page 22, “What do Muslims do on the pilgrimage to Mecca?”), are duplicated in heaven at the Throne of God. Mecca, like Medina, is closed to non-Muslims.

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