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What Everyone Needs to Know About Islam What is This? A guide to a wide variety of general questions asked by those looking to learn more about Muslim culture and the Islamic world.

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How do Muslims view the Day of Judgment?

The Last Day, or Judgment Day, is one of the main themes of the Quran. It includes the destruction of the world and all creatures, resurrection of the body, and judgment, reward (heaven), and punishment (hell) for all creatures. On the Day of Judgment, or Day of Resurrection, a cataclysmic cosmic event that will occur at a time known only to God, all will be raised from the dead.

Signs of the Last Day are foretold in many prophetic traditions. They include the appearance of the Great Deceiver—al-Dajjal—(who will spread corruption and evil in this earth), the Return of the Mahdi (Muslim messianic figure), and the Second Coming of Jesus. Muslims are divided over the coming of a Mahdi. Some believe that the Mahdi will appear to bring justice and truth to all before the Day of Resurrection. Other Muslims believe that Jesus' second coming will fulfill that role, citing those Quranic commentators who believe verse 43:61 refers to the resurrection of Jesus: “And he/it (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment): therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye Me: this is a Straight Way” (43:61). They reinforce this interpretation by noting that Jesus is specifically mentioned in the preceding verses. The Second Coming of Jesus is definitively established in the prophetic traditions: Jesus will kill al-Dajjal, establish justice, and reign over the world for forty years as an upright and just ruler. On the Judgment Day all the dead will be resurrected, body and soul. God will gather people together “as if they had stayed [in their tombs] only one hour of the day” (10:45). According to some traditions, the Prophet Muhammad will be the first to rise and arrive at the place of assembly.

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