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General Information >
How many Muslims are there, and where do they live?

Muslims represent the majority population in fifty-seven countries worldwide, including Indonesia, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Egypt, Iraq, and Nigeria. In addition, significant Muslim populations can be found in India, China, the Central Asian Republics, and Russia, as well as in Europe and America. Contrary to popular assumption, the majority of Muslims are not Arab. In fact only 20 percent of the world's 1.5 billion Muslims originate from Arab countries. The largest Muslim communities are to be found in Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India.

In recent decades, Islam has gone from being invisible in America and Europe to being a prominent feature in the religious landscape. Muslims represent a broad spectrum of racial and ethnic groups. The racial and ethnic diversity of Islam is represented in America by two broad Muslim groups: indigenous and immigrant. In America, in addition to indigenous African American Muslims (35 percent), prominent immigrant ethnic groups include Arabs, Pakistanis, Afghanis, Africans, Albanians, Bangladeshis, Bosnians, Indians, Iranians, Malaysians, Indonesians, and Turks.

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