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Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
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The Qurʾan What is This? A current English-language version of the Qur'an, published in 2004
Translation by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem

37. Ranged in Rowsa Cf. 37: 165–6; 78: 38. (1 – 27)

The central point of this Meccan sura is the unity of God (verses 4 and 180–2) and the refutation of the pagan belief that the angels were daughters of God and worthy of worship. The angels themselves are quoted to refute this (verses 164–6). The prophethood of Muhammad, is affirmed, as is the Hereafter. There are two supporting sections: the scenes in the Hereafter (verses 19–68) and the stories of earlier prophets (verses 75–148).

In the name of God, the Lord of Mercy, the Giver of Mercy

1By those [angels] ranged in rows,2who rebuke reproachfully 3and recite God's word,4truly your God is One,5Lord of the heavens and earth and everything between them, Lord of every sunrise.6We have adorned the lowest heaven with stars, 7and made them a safeguard against every rebellious devil: 8they cannot eavesdrop on the Higher Assemblyb Of angels.—pelted from every side, 9driven away, they will have perpetual torment—10if any [of them] stealthily snatches away a fragment,c Of something he overheard. he will be pursued by a piercing flame.

11So [Prophet], ask the disbelievers: is it harder to create them than other beings We have created?d Cf. 40: 57. We created them from sticky clay. 12You marvel as they scoff, 13take no heed when they are warned, 14and resort to ridicule when they see a sign,15saying, ‘This is no more than blatant sorcery.’ 16’What! After we have died and become dust and bones, shall we really be raised up again, 17along with our forefathers?’ 18Say, ‘Yes indeed, and you will be humiliated.’ 19Just one blast and—lo and behold!—they will look 20and say, ‘Woe to us! This is the Day of Judgement.’21[It will be said], ‘This is the Day of Decision, which you used to deny. 22[Angels], gather together those who did wrong, and others like them, as well as whatever they worshipped23beside God, lead them all to the path of Hell, 24and halt them for questioning: 25“Why do you not support each other now?” ‘—26no indeed! They will be in complete submission on that Day—27and they will turn on one another accusingly.

Notes:

a Cf. 37: 165–6; 78: 38.

b Of angels.

c Of something he overheard.

d Cf. 40: 57.

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