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Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
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The Qurʾan What is This? A current English-language version of the Qur'an, published in 2004
Translation by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem

33. The Joint Forces (22 – 48)

22When the believers saw the joint forces, they said, ‘This is what God and His Messenger promised us: the promise of God and His Messenger is true,’ and this only served to increase their faith and submission to God.23There are men among the believers who honoured their pledge to God: some of them have fulfilled it by death, and some are still waiting. They have not changed in the least. 24[Such trials are ordained] so that God may reward the truthful for their honesty and punish the hypocrites, if He so wills, or He may relent towards them, for God is forgiving and merciful. 25God sent back the disbelieversa This refers to the sandstorm that caused the disbelievers to go back without success. along with their rage—they gained no benefit—and spared the believers from fighting. He is strong and mighty. 26He brought those People of the Book who supported them down from their strongholds and put panic into their hearts. Some of them you [believers] killed and some you took captive. 27He passed on to you their land, their houses, their possessions, and a land where you had not set foot: God has power over everything.

28Prophet, say to your wives,b Some of the Prophet's wives decided to ask him for more provision, seeing that he had become leader of a new state. ‘If your desire is for the present life and its finery, then come, I will make provision for you and release you with kindness, 29but if you desire God, His Messenger, and the Final Home, then remember that God has prepared great rewards for those of you who do good.’30Wives of the Prophet, if any of you does something clearly outrageous, she will be doubly punished— that is easy for God—31but if any of you is obedient to God and His Messenger and does good deeds, know that We shall give her a double reward and have prepared a generous provision for her. 32Wives of the Prophet, you are not like any other woman. If you are truly mindful of God, do not speak too softly in case the sick at heart should lust after you, but speak in an appropriate manner; 33stay at home, and do not flaunt your finery as they used to in the pagan past; keep up the prayer, give the prescribed alms, and obey God and His Messenger. God wishes to keep uncleanness away from you, people of the [Prophet's] House, and to purify you thoroughly.34Remember what is recited in your houses of God's revelations and wisdom, for God is all subtle, all aware.

35For men and women who are devoted to God—believing men and women, obedient men and women, truthful men and women, steadfast men and women, humble men and women, charitable men and women, fasting men and women, chaste men and women, men and women who remember God often—God has prepared forgiveness and a rich reward.

36When God and His Messenger have decided on a matter that concerns them, it is not fitting for any believing man or woman to claim freedom of choice in that matter: whoever disobeys God and His Messenger is far astray. 37When you [Prophet] said to the man who had been favoured by God and by you, ‘Keep your wife and be mindful of God,’ you hid in your heart what God would later reveal: you were afraid of people, but it is more fitting that you fear God. When Zayd no longer wanted her,a The Prophet married Zayd, his adopted son, to Zaynab, his own cousin. Zayd later divorced her and the Prophet took her as his own wife. This sura shows the marriage to be lawful since adoption does not create blood relations that preclude marriage. We gave her to you in marriage so that there might be no fault in believers marrying the wives of their adopted sons after they no longer wanted them. God's command must be carried out: 38the Prophet is not at fault for what God has ordained for him. This was God's practice with those who went before—God's command must be fulfilled—39[and with all] those who deliver God's messages and fear only Him and no other: God's reckoning is enough. 40Muhammad is not the father of any one of you men; he is God's Messenger and the seal of the prophets: God knows everything. 41Believers, remember God often 42and glorify Him morning and evening: 43it is He who blesses you, as do His angels, in order to lead you out of the depths of darkness into the light. He is ever merciful towards the believers—44when they meet Him they will be greeted with ‘Peace’—and He has prepared a generous reward for them.

45Prophet, We have sent you as a witness, as a bearer of good news and warning, 46as one who calls people to God by His leave, as a light-giving lamp. 47Give the believers the good news that great bounty awaits them from God. 48Do not give in to the disbelievers and the hypocrites: ignore the harm they cause you and put your trust in God. God is enough to trust.

Notes:

a This refers to the sandstorm that caused the disbelievers to go back without success.

b Some of the Prophet's wives decided to ask him for more provision, seeing that he had become leader of a new state.

a The Prophet married Zayd, his adopted son, to Zaynab, his own cousin. Zayd later divorced her and the Prophet took her as his own wife. This sura shows the marriage to be lawful since adoption does not create blood relations that preclude marriage.

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