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Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
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The Qurʾan What is This? A current English-language version of the Qur'an, published in 2004
Translation by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem

48. Triumph (10 – 29)

10Those who pledge loyalty to you [Prophet] are actually pledging loyalty to God Himself— God's hand is placed on theirsa Loyalty was pledged by everybody placing their right hands on top of the Prophet's. —and anyone who breaks his pledge does so to his own detriment: God will give a great reward to the one who fulfils his pledge to Him. 11The desert Arabs who stayed behind will say to you, ‘We were busy with our property and our families: ask forgiveness for us,’ but they say with their tongues what is not in their hearts. Say, ‘Whether it is God's will to do you harm or good, who can intervene for you?’ No! God is fully aware of everything you [people] do. 12No! You thought that the Messenger and the believers would never return to their families and this thought warmed your hearts. Your thoughts are evil, for you are corrupt people: 13We have prepared a blazing Fire for those who do not believe in God and His Messenger. 14Control of the heavens and earth belongs to God and He forgives whoever He will and punishes whoever He will: God is most forgiving and merciful.

15When you [believers] set off for somewhere that promises war gains, those who [previously] stayed behind will say, ‘Let us come with you.’ They want to change God's words, but tell them [Prophet], ‘You may not come with us: God has said this before.’ They will reply, ‘You begrudge us out of jealousy.’ How little they understand!

16Tell the desert Arabs who stayed behind, ‘You will be called to face a people of great might in war and to fight them, unless they surrender: if you obey, God will reward you well, but if you turn away, as you have done before, He will punish you heavily— 17the blind, the lame, and the sick will not be blamed.’ God will admit anyone who obeys Him and His Messenger to Gardens graced with flowing streams; He will painfully punish anyone who turns away.

18God was pleased with the believers when they swore allegiance to you [Prophet] under the tree: He knew what was in their hearts and so He sent tranquillity down to them and rewarded them with a speedy triumph 19and with many future gains. God is mighty and wise. 20He has promised you [people] many future gains: He has hastened this gain for you. He has held back the hands of hostile people from you as a sign for the faithful and He will guide you to a straight path. 21There are many other gains [to come], over which you have no power. God has full control over them: God has power over all things.

22If the disbelievers had fought against you, they would have taken flight and found no one to protect or support them:23such was God's practice in the past and you will find no change in God's practices. 24In the valley of Mecca it was He who held their hands back from you and your hands back from them after He gave you the advantage over thema A detachment of eighty Meccan fighters attacked the Prophet's camp but were captured. The Prophet released them after the treaty was signed. —God sees all that you do. 25They were the ones who disbelieved, who barred you from the Sacred Mosque, and who prevented the offering from reaching its place of sacrifice. If there had not been among them, unknown to you, believing men and women whom you would have trampled underfoot, inadvertently incurring guilt on their account— God brings whoever He will into His mercy —if the [believers] had been clearly separated, We would have inflicted a painful punishment on the disbelievers.26While the disbelievers had fury in their hearts— the fury of ignorance— God sent His tranquillity down on to His Messenger and the believers and made binding on them [their] promise to obey God,b The promise they made under the tree at Hudaybiyya (see verse 18). for that was more appropriate and fitting for them. God has full knowledge of all things.

27God has truly fulfilled His Messenger's vision: ‘God willing, you will most certainly enter the Sacred Mosque in safety, shaven-headed or with cropped hair,c These are some of the final rites of pilgrimage. without fear!’ —God knew what you did not —and He has granted you a speedy triumph. 28It was He who sent His Messenger, with guidance and the religion of Truth, for him to show that it is above all [false] religion. God suffices as a witness: 29Muhammad is the Messenger of God.

Notes:

a Loyalty was pledged by everybody placing their right hands on top of the Prophet's.

a A detachment of eighty Meccan fighters attacked the Prophet's camp but were captured. The Prophet released them after the treaty was signed.

b The promise they made under the tree at Hudaybiyya (see verse 18).

c These are some of the final rites of pilgrimage.

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