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Suggestions for Further Reading

Bibliography references:

There are many places that the interested reader can look for further information on the subject of activist Islamic intellectuals. The following is obviously not a comprehensive bibliography but rather, a set of suggestions by the authors for further reading. Other sources are mentioned in the notes for the various chapters.

The general subject of the role of the intellectual has been viewed from many different perspectives. The classic study is Julien Benda, The Treason of the Intellectuals (trans., Richard Aldington; New York: W.W. Norton, 1969). A more recent analysis is provided in Edward W. Said, Representations of the Intellectual (New York: Vintage Books, 1994) and a study that places the topic within the framework of social science analysis is Ahmad Sadri, Max Weber's Sociology of Intellectuals (New York: Oxford University Press. 1992).

There are a number of important reference works and surveys that provide information about aspects of the Muslim world and the lives and contexts of the subjects of this book. An important basic reference work is the Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, edited by John L. Esposito (New York: Oxford University Press. 1995). The authors of the book have also written more general surveys that place the intellectuals in their contexts. These books include John L. Esposito. Islam and Politics (4th ed.; Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1998), John L. Esposito, The Islamic Threat: Myth or Reality? (3rd ed.; New York: Oxford University Press, 1999). John Obert Voll, Islam, Continuity and Change in the Modern World (2nd ed.; Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1994), and John L. Esposito and John O. Voll, Islam and Democracy (New York: Oxford University Press. 1996). Other interpretive coverages can be found in Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi', Intellectual Origins of Islamic Resurgence in the Modern Arab World (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1996) and Armando Salvatore, Islam and the Political Discourse of Modernity (Reading: Ithaca Press, 1997). Interesting interviews with some of the people discussed in this volume can be found in Joyce M. Davis. Between Jihad and Salaam: Profiles in Islam (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997).

Further readings that would provide information about the countries and contexts of the activist intellectuals and some of their writings in translations can be found in the following books.

Ismail al-Faruqi

Ismail Ragi al-Faruqi, On Arabism: Urubah and Religion (Amsterdam: Djambatan, 1962).

———, Islamization of Knowledge (Herndon, VA: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1982).

———, Tawhid: Its Implications for Thought and Life (Herndon, VA: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 1982).

M. Tariq Quraishi, Ismail al-Faruqi: An Enduring Legacy (Plainfield, IN: The Muslim Student Association, 1987).

Khurshid Ahmad

Khurshid Ahmad, The Religion of Islam (Lahore: Islamic Publications, 1967).

———, Socialism or Islam (Delhi: Hindustan Publications, 1969).

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, The Vanguard of Islamic Revolution: The Jama'at-I Islami of Pakistan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994).

Maryam Jameelah

Maryam Jameelah, Islam and Western Society.

———, Islam in Theory and Practice.

———, Islam vs, the West.

Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Hasan Turabi

Abdelwahab El-Affendi, Turabi's Revolution: Islam and Power in Sudan (London: Grey Seal, 1991).

Mohamed Elhachmi Hamdi, The Making of an Islamic Political Leader: Conversations with Hasan Al-Turabi (Boulder: Westview, 1999).

Arthur L. Lowrie, ed., Islam, Democracy, the State and the West: A Roundtable with Dr. Hasan Turabi (Tampa: World & Islam Studies Enterprise, 1993).

Abdel Salam Sidahmed, Politics and Islam in Contemporary Sudan (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996).

Rashid al-Ghanushi

Rached Ghannoushi, “The Battle Against Islam,” Middle East Affairs Journal 1, 2 (Winter 1992/1413).

———, “Secularism in the Arab Maghrib,” in Islam and Secularism in the Middle East (New York: New York University Press, 2000).

Emad Eldin Shahin, Political Ascent: Contemporary Islamic Movements in North Africa (Boulder: Westview Press, 1997).

Azzam Tamimi, Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat Within Islamism (New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming).

Hasan Hanafi

Genieve Abdo, No God But God: Egypt and the Triumph of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

Hassan Hanafi, Islam in the Modern World (two volumes: Cairo: The Anglo-Egyptian Bookshop, 1995).

Shahrough Akhavi, “The Dialectic in Contemporary Egyptian Social Thought: The Scripturalist and Modernist Discourses of Sayyid Qutb and Hasan Hanafi,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 29, 3 (August 1997): 377–401.

Anwar Ibrahim

Zainah Anwar, Islamic Revivalism in Malaysia (Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Pelanduk Publications, 1987).

Robert W. Hefner, ed., Islam in an Era of Nation-States: Politics and Religious Renewal in Muslim Southeast Asia (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1997).

Anwar Ibrahim, The Asian Renaissance (Singapore: Times Books International, 1996).

Abd al-Rahman Wahid

Greg Barton and Greg Fealy eds., Nahdatul Ulama, Traditional Islam and Modernity in Indonesia (Monash: Monash Asia Institute, 1996).

Robert W. Hefner, Civil Islam (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).

“Islam in Indonesia: Where to: Interview with Abdurrahman Wahid,” Inside Indonesia (October 8, 1986).

Majiburrahman, “Islam and Politics in Indonesia: The Political Thought of Abdurrahman Wahid,” Journal of Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 10, 3 (1999).

Abdolkarim Soroush

Mehrzad Boroujerdi, Iranian Intellectuals and the West: The Tormented Triumph of Nativism (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1996).

Hamid Dabshi, Theology of Discontent: The Ideological Foundations of the Islamic Revolution in Iran (New York: New York University Press, 1993).

Reason, Freedom, and Democracy in Islam: Essential Writings of Abdolkarim Soroush. translated and edited by Mahmoud Sadri and Ahmad Sadri (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000).

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