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Anwar Ibrahim >
Conclusion

Anwar's new paradigm has both explicitly Islamic and more generally defined conceptual foundations. It provides the basis for an activist Islamic “moderatism” that is in contrast to the more typical Islamic “fundamentalisms” and the common reformist secularisms that are found in many parts of the world. Anwar's moderate position is not a position of compromise; it is an affirmation of the conviction that moderation is an Islamic imperative and that Islam is fundamentally a “middle path.” This conviction then provides the basis for a new conceptualization of pluralism as an active good and of civilizational dialogue as a necessary part of Islamic faith and practice.

Anwar's evolution from a charismatic student leader to an activist moderate provided the basis for his articulation of a significant Islamic activism. Over the years he played a vital role in the developing discourse of Islam in Southeast Asia and the broader Muslim world. Even as a political prisoner, his mode of activism continues to provide a well-known and influential model for intellectuals and movements. By combining activism and involvement in public affairs with a continuing intellectual effort to conceptualize what he was doing and what was happening in the world around him, he is a highly visible example of a Muslim activist intellectual in the final decades of the twentieth century.

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