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Junayd, al- Abu al-Qasim ibn Muhammad

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    Junayd, al- Abu al-Qasim ibn Muhammad

    (d. 910 )

    Early Sufi shaykh who is regarded as the founder of several tariqahs, including Kubrawiyyah and Mawlawiyyah. Known as “master of all the Sufis” and the highest example of “sober” Sufism. Stressed that renunciation and mental struggle were needed to return to a preexisting state in which the human being is a concept in God's mind. Other hallmarks are an emphasis on constant ritual purity and fasting. Taught that the goal of mysticism was not loss of self but the return to daily life transformed by a vision of God through the loss of self and constant remembrance of God's presence. Devoted to the fulfillment of God's will as expressed in the Quran and Sunnah.

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