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Justice, Social

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Justice, Social

    In nineteenth-century Muslim thought, the concept of social justice was a product of two interchangeable factors: prevailing backward social and economic conditions that did not attract the serious attention of the traditional ulama class, and Western domination that neglected to ameliorate the social conditions of the dominated people as a whole. It focused on poverty, indigence, and helplessness among the Muslim population in the context of colonialism. In the twentieth century, the issue became more sharply defined, especially with the extensive migration of peasants from the countryside to urban areas; the Muslim Brotherhood was founded ( 1928 ) against the background of endemic social crises in Egyptian and Arab societies. Sayyid Qutb 's Social Justice in Islam enumerates the following principles: absolute freedom of conscience, complete equality of all people, and the permanent mutual responsibility of society. According to him, justice is not always concerned solely with the interests of the individual; Islam is also against monopoly, usury, corruption, wastefulness, and luxury.

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