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Monotheism

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Monotheism

    Belief in one god. Islam is a religion of strict monotheism, asserting a single, unique God who has no associates and to whom no one and nothing else may be compared. Idolatry is strictly forbidden. Unlike Christianity, Islam has no doctrine of the Holy Trinity. Pre-Islamic monotheism existed in Arabia through hanifs, who are identified in Muslim tradition as descendants of Abraham and Ishmael , considered the original monotheists. Conservative interpretations of monotheism have led to criticism of Sufi and popular saint veneration. In the twenty-first century, common faith in a single, universal God for all of humankind has become the paradigm for transcending loyalty to geography, kinship ties, and national borders.

    See also Tawhid

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