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Sammani Tariqah

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Sammani Tariqah

    Activist, reformist branch of the revivalist Khalwati tariqah. Founded by Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Sammani in the eighteenth century. Committed to formal Islamic law. Opposed to the traditional veneration of saints. Provided an organizational framework and inspiration for more militant revivalist movements. Spread into Sumatra, Indonesia, Egypt, and Sudan in the eighteenth century and became a major order in the Malay peninsula and throughout Africa in the nineteenth century. In Southeast Asia, writings by shaykhs of this order provided inspiration for nineteenth-and twentieth-century jihads against the Dutch colonial occupiers. Famous adherents include Muhammad Ahmad ibn Abd Allah (the Sudanese Mahdi), who used the tariqah's teachings to denounce the corruption of faith in Sudan and to declare himself the expected Mahdi (messiah). In Sudan, a widespread network among the local population permitted it to become the basis for local organization and opposition to Egyptian rule, along with the Khatmi and Majdhubi orders.

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