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Shadhili Tariqah

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Shadhili Tariqah

    One of the four oldest Sufi orders in Muslim world. Has numerous branches in North Africa, Egypt, Sudan, Comoros, Sri Lanka, Yemen, China, Bulgaria, Romania, Yugoslavia, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Sub-Saharan and East Africa. Founded in the twelfth century by Moroccan-born Abu al-Hasan Ali al-Shadhili . Its founder left no scholarly works, but passed down a number of enduringly popular prayers, one of which, Hizb al-Bahr, was widely used as a prayer for safety at sea; these prayers have been compiled and translated into English. The order's doctrines were systematized in the thirteenth century under the third shaykh, Ahmad ibn Ata Allah al-Iskandari . Biographies of other shaykhs were also recorded at this time. Ibn Ata Allah's aphorisms guaranteed the popularity of the order and became a major instrument for expansion. The order is known for its pragmatic approach to worldly comforts; it did not believe that wealth precluded piety. The order was active in Turkey during the Ottoman period. It is prominent among modern reform-minded Sufis, especially in Egypt. Branches inspired by the order include Fasi, Darqawi, and Yusufi in North Africa; Burhani Disuqi in Sudan, Egypt, and Syria; Hamidi and Ashirah Muhammadi in Egypt; and Azami Shadhili in Sudan.

    See also Yashruti Tariqah; Yusufi Tariqah

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