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Tanzania, Islam in

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Tanzania, Islam in

    Tanzania's mainland population is 45 percent Christian, 35 percent Muslim, and 20 percent indigenous religions. Islam spread from the coast to the interior through trade; in the twentieth century, Sufi orders thoroughly popularized Islam. About 70 percent of Tanzanian Sunnis are affiliated with Sufi orders; the Qadiri accounts for 75 percent of all brotherhood followers. Shadhili, Askari, Ahmadi-Dandarawi, and Rifai are other active brotherhoods. After independence ( 1961 ) Tanzania and Zanzibar united as a republic; today Zanzibar enjoys limited autonomy. Tensions between the pro-capitalist, pro-Western government and the African Muslim population have risen against a backdrop of economic uncertainty.

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