We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Turkey, Islam in - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

Turkey, Islam in

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Read More About…

    Turkey, Islam in

    One of the successor states of the Ottoman Empire, and the first secular state in the Islamic world. Led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk , the secular republic was declared in 1923 , and the caliphate was abolished in 1924 ; all educational institutions were placed under government jurisdiction. By 1929 Kemalists had effectively removed Islam from political and public life: Sufi orders and shrines were closed, the fez was outlawed and men were required to wear hats, and the Gregorian calendar and twenty-four-hour clock were adopted. A Swiss-based civil code replaced Islamic legal codes, and Ottoman script was replaced with a modified Latin alphabet. Kemalism advocated six fundamental principles: republicanism, nationalism, populism, statism, secularism, and revolutionism. The Turkish military became the safeguard of secular democracy, and in May 1960 , March 1971 , and September 1980 it removed the government, curbing political activity until such time as democracy could be restored. This history of state-imposed secularism along with an unrestrained military has collided with the aspirations of practicing Turkish Muslims. In 1998 the National Board of Higher Education banned head scarves for women students; women cannot attend classes, take exams, or graduate wearing the veil. Religious freedom in Turkey is rapidly becoming an international human rights issue.

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2019. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice