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West Bank and Gaza, Islam in

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    West Bank and Gaza, Islam in

    Palestinian territories, including the west bank of the Jordan River, taken over by Jordan in 1952 and lost to Israel in 1967 , and a narrow strip of land on the Mediterranean coast lost by Egypt to Israel in the same war. Considered the “Palestinian entity” and are the basis of negotiations for the creation of a Palestinian state. Historically, they are only part of Palestine. Ninety-nine percent of the population of Gaza is Sunni Muslim, and .07 percent is Christian; 75 percent of the West Bank and East Jerusalem is Sunni Muslim, with 17 percent Jewish and 8 percent Christian or other. Since the imposition of military rule by Israel in 1967 , Palestinians have been denied civil and political rights, and Israel has confiscated significant portions of the occupied land to establish settlements for Israeli citizens (some 250,000 in 2002 ), diverted water resources, and annexed East Jerusalem, all in violation of international law. The West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip are considered occupied territory under international law. UN Security Council resolutions 242 ( 1967 ) and 338 ( 1973 ) call for the withdrawal of Israel from these territories.

    See also Arab-Israeli Conflict; Jerusalem

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