We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more White Revolution - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

White Revolution

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    White Revolution

    Social, economic, and legal reforms undertaken by Shah Reza Pahlavi in the 1960s and 1970s to modernize Iran. The benefits went largely to elites in urban environments; the reforms failed to achieve results in rural areas or among the more traditional sectors of society. Administration of the reforms was often corrupt. The presence of Western corporations and banks fueled concerns about Western economic imperialism. The government tried to control the ulama by controlling seminaries and religious schools and introducing state-trained, secular-oriented teachers into rural schools. Critical religious leaders and intellectuals were harassed, tortured, exiled, arrested, and sometimes killed. The reforms' failures fueled popular dissatisfaction, leading to the Islamic revolution of 1979 .

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2020. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice