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Zanzibar, Islam in

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

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    Zanzibar, Islam in

    The population of Zanzibar is almost entirely Muslim. Arab Muslims arrived in the eighth century, followed by Muslim merchants from many Indian Ocean lands. The Muslim community was cosmopolitan and developed its own distinctive Swahili culture. Following a period of Portuguese domination, the sultans of Oman established control, and the Bu Said dynasty moved its center to Zanzibar in the nineteenth century. A British protectorate, established at the end of the nineteenth century, maintained control until independence in 1963 . A violent revolution in 1964 killed or drove out many of the Arabs, and Zanzibar joined Tanganyika to form Tanzania. Zanzibar has maintained substantial autonomy.

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