We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more Baybars I - Oxford Islamic Studies Online
Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
Chapter: verse lookup What is This? Select one or both translations, then enter a chapter and verse number in the boxes, and click "Go."
:
  • Previous Result
  • Results
  • Highlight On / Off
  • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
  • Next Result

Baybars I

Source:
The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Baybars I

    Third Mamluk sultan of Egypt (r. 1260 – 77 ). Turkish military slave of the last Ayyubid ruler. Won early victories over Louis IX 's Crusaders (Mansura, Egypt, 1250 ) and Mongols (Ayn Jalut, Syria, 1260 ), taking Egypt's throne by violence. Defeated the Mongols several times, suppressed the Assassins, reconquered much Crusader territory, and extended Egyptian control into Anatolia and Nubia. Founded the Abbasid “shadow” caliphate (not universally accepted) to support the Mamluks' Islamic legitimacy. Created an effective military machine, training program, and intelligence service; centralized land administration and the judiciary; promoted anti-Mongol diplomacy and Indian trade. Inspired the popular epic romance SiratBaybars.

    • Previous Result
    • Results
    • Highlight On / Off
    • Look It Up What is This? Highlight any word or phrase, then click the button to begin a new search.
    • Next Result
    Oxford University Press

    © 2021. All Rights Reserved. Cookie Policy | Privacy Policy | Legal Notice