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Hafiz, Shams al-Din Muhammad

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The Oxford Dictionary of Islam What is This? Covers the religious, political, and social spheres of global Islam in the modern world

    Hafiz, Shams al-Din Muhammad

    (d. 1389 )

    Also called al-Shirazi . Considered the greatest Persian poet, a master of the lyric form called ghazal, stressing the Sufi theme of an unrequited lover desperately seeking a divine beloved. Crafted metaphors of love's intoxication and of irresistible divine music; his artistic ambiguity inspired controversy as to whether his works suggest mystical longing or describe amorous liaisons. One of Shiraz's most popular personalities; his tomb attracts numerous visitors. Musicians continue to perform classical and contemporary settings of lyrics from some eight hundred poems in his collection (diwan).

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