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Gabriel, Albert(-Louis)

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The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture What is This? Provides in-depth historical and cultural information on over a thousand years of Islamic art and architecture

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Gabriel, Albert(-Louis)

(b. Cérisières, 2 Aug. 1883; d. Bar-sur-Aube, 23 Dec. 1972).

French architectural historian and archaeologist. He obtained a diploma in architecture at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, and from 1908 to 1911 he was attached to the French School at Athens, where he participated in the publication of the school's excavations at Delos and studied the medieval buildings of Rhodes. During World War I he was an interpreter in Syria. He earned his license-ès-lettres at the University of Paris in 1921 with theses on the ramparts of Rhodes and the excavations at Fustat (Old Cairo). This double education as an architect and archaeologist shaped his later works on the Islamic monuments of medieval Anatolia, Iraq and Iran. He visited Syria and Cilicia in 1922 and Syria again in 1925; he taught at the universities of Caen (1923), Strasbourg (1925–46) and Istanbul (1926–30). From 1930 to 1955 he directed the Institut Français d’Archéologie in Istanbul. In 1933 he was elected to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres and in 1946 to the Collège de France.

Writings

  • with A. Bahgat: Fouilles d’al-Foustât (Paris, 1921)
  • La Cité de Rhodes, 2 vols. (Paris, 1921–3)
  • Monuments turcs d’Anatolie, 2 vols. (Paris, 1931–4)
  • Voyages archéologiques dans la Turquie orientale et les provinces d’au delà du Tigre, 2 vols. (Paris, 1940)
  • Châteaux turcs du Bosphore (Paris, 1943)
  • with E Hospels: La Cité de Midas, 3 vols. (Paris, 1952–5)
  • Une Capital turque: Brousse, Bursa, 2 vols. (Paris, 1958)

Bibliograph

  • yP. Boyancé: Obituary, Acad. Inscr. & B.-Lett.: C. R. Séances (Jan. 1973), pp. 1–2
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