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Displaying: a i - amr

  • A'ishah (Biography)

    614 – 678 Third wife of Muhammad A'ishah was the third and youngest wife of the Prophet Muhammad. Born in Mecca, she was the ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abd Allah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab (Biography)

    (d. 693 ) Companion of the Prophet Muhammad and son of the second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab . Prominent authority in hadith and law. ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abortion (Subject Entry)

    Background Abortion refers to the procedure for terminating a pregnancy before the fetus has reached viability, that is, able to survive independently. An abortion ...

    Source: Oxford Islamic Studies Online

  • Abū Bakr (Biography)

    The first caliph ( khalīfah ), or successor to the Prophet Muḥammad, ruled for only two years ( 632 – 634 ), but his ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (Biography)

    (r. 632 – 34 ) First Sunni caliph, father of Muhammad 's wife Aishah , and one of four “rightly guided” caliphs in Sunni ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (Biography)

    (d. 652 ) Companion of the Prophet and subject of modern ideological debate. Shiis emphasize his criticism of the Umayyads and his early liaison ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Hurayrah (Biography)

    Companion of Muhammad and important transmitter of hadith. Nickname (meaning “father of the little female cat”) given to him by Muhammad due to his ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Jahl (Biography)

    (d. 624 ) Member of the ruling Quraysh of Mecca and one of early Islam's staunchest enemies. Attempted to do physical harm to the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Lahab (Biography)

    Enemy of the Prophet Muhammad , he was the brother of Muhammad's father. Name means “father of fire” and is one of the few ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Sufyan (Biography)

    Wealthy and powerful seventh-century leader of Mecca and tribe of Quraysh. Led caravan that fought and was defeated by forces of Muhammad in the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Talib (Biography)

    (d. ca. 619 ) Muhammad 's uncle, protector, and guardian after the death of his parents. According to tradition, he was present when Muhammad ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah (Biography)

    (d. 639 ) Companion of the Prophet and one of the ten to whom paradise was promised by him. Played an important role in ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Ad (Subject Entry)

    The name of a people frequently mentioned in the Quran to whom a prophet had been sent by God and whose disobedience to God's ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Aishah (Biography)

    Daughter of first caliph, Abu Bakr ; youngest and reputedly favorite wife of Muhammad . With Muhammad when he died. Renowned for knowledge of ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Ali ibn Abi Talib (Biography)

    (d. 660 ) Cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad , fourth caliph of Sunni Muslims, and first imam of Shii Muslims. First male convert to ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Ali ibn Abi Talib (Biography)

    ca. 597 – 661 Cousin and successor of Muhammad Ali ibn Abi Talib was the first cousin of Muhammad and husband of the Prophet's ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Alids (Subject Entry)

    In early Islam, those who contended that only a member of the Prophet's clan of Hashim (descendants of Ali ) should rule and that ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Amina bint Wahab (Biography)

    (d. ca. 576 ) Muhammad 's mother. Died when Muhammad was six years old. Some histories record light shining from her face during pregnancy, ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Amir al-Muminin (Subject Entry)

    Commander of the faithful. Title first attributed to the second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab (r. 634 – 44 ), and adopted by numerous Muslim ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Amr ibn al-As (Biography)

    (d. ca. 663 ) Conqueror and governor of Egypt. Invaded Egypt from Hijaz in 639 ; established control over the whole country in 642 ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

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