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Displaying: abd - ākh

  • ῾Abd al-Samad (Biography)

    ( b. before 1517 ; fl. c. 1535 – 1600 ). Iranian miniature painter , calligrapher and courtier , active also in India. Trained ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • ῾Abid (Biography)

    ( fl. c. 1615 – 58 ). Indian miniature painter, son of Aqa Riza (i) and brother of Abu῾l-Hasan (ii) . Both his father ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Abu῾l-Hasan (ii) (Biography)

    ( b. 1588 ; fl. 1600 – 30 ). Indian painter . In 1619 the Mughal emperor Jahangir ( r. 1605 – 27 ) ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • ῾Adil Shahi (Subject Entry)

    Dynasty that ruled portions of southern India from 1489 to 1686 . I. Introduction . II. Family members . I. Introduction . The dynasty's ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Aesthetic Theory (Subject Entry)

    The absence of a body of written systematic aesthetic theory in Islam before the nineteenth century may be attributed in part to the traditional ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Afghanistan, Islam in (Subject Entry)

    Approximately 88 percent of modern-day Afghanistan's population is Sunni; 12 percent is Shii. Islam arrived in the eighth century during the expansion of the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Afzal (Biography)

    ( fl. Isfahan , 1640 – 51 ). Persian illustrator . Active during the reign of the Safavid shah ῾Abbas II ( r. 1642 ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Agha (Subject Entry)

    In Algeria, chief officer of the Janissaries, who eventually undermined Ottoman-appointed provincial governors. In 1659 the Agha became the ruler of Algeria. Tribute was ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Agra (Image) Includes image

    1. Agra, Taj Mahal, 1631–48; photo credit: Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom; see Agra, §II, A ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Agra (Subject Entry) Includes image

    City and administrative seat of the district of the same name, in Uttar Pradesh, India. Situated on the Yamuna River in the fertile north ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Ahl al-Ḥall Wa-al-ʿAqd (Subject Entry)

    Those who are qualified to act on behalf of the Muslim community in electing a caliph are known as ahl al-ḥall wa-al-ʿaqd (the people ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Ahl al-Hall wa'l-Aqd (Subject Entry)

    Those qualified to elect or depose a caliph on behalf of the Muslim community. In medieval political theory, the term refers to legal scholars ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Ahl-i Haqq (Subject Entry)

    People of the truth. Also known as Ali Ilahis, “deifiers of Ali .” Members of a sect centered in northwest Iran, incorporating certain Shii ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Ahmed Dalgıç (Biography)

    ( d. Ulubad , Bandırma , Jan. 1608 ). Ottoman architect and worker in mother-of-pearl. He followed the typical career path of an artist ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Ahmed Nakşi (Biography)

    ( fl. 1619 – 22 ). Ottoman painter and astrologer . Employed as the official timekeeper at the Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul, he was ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Ajmer (Subject Entry)

    City in the Rajasthan state of northwestern India. Founded around 1100 , it became an important center of trade and a military base during ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Akbar I, Abu al-Fath Jalal al-Din Muhammad (Biography)

    (r. 1556 – 1605 ) First great Mughal emperor. Upon his father Humayun 's death, the adolescent Akbar, third in the Timurid line, conquered ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Akbar, Jalaludin Muhammad (Biography)

    1542 – 1605 Mughal emperor Jalaludin Muhammad Akbar reigned from 1556 to 1605 and was among the most important of the Mughal (or Mogul) ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Akhbārīyah (Subject Entry)

    Akhbārīyah is an emphatically traditionalist school of Imāmī Shīʿī jurisprudence with roots in the early eighth and ninth centuries ce The name is derived ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Ākhūnd (Subject Entry)

    Ākhūnd , a Persian word meaning “religious scholar” or “leader,” is of uncertain etymology. (Among Chinese Muslims, the imam in the mosque is called ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

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