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Select Translation What is This? Selections include: The Koran Interpreted, a translation by A.J. Arberry, first published 1955; The Qur'an, translated by M.A.S. Abdel Haleem, published 2004; or side-by-side comparison view
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Displaying: aa - ada

  • Aa Gym (Biography)

    Abdullah Gymnastiar ( b. 1962 ) is an Indonesianpreacher popularly known as Aa (elder brother) Gym. Despite minimal orthodox religious education, Gymnastiar attained national ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abd al-Rahman, Aisha (Biography)

    (b. 1913 ) Also known as Bint al-Shati . Egyptian writer and professor of Arabic language and literature and Quranic studies. Wrote more than ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdel Rahman, Omar (Biography)

    (b. 1938 ) Egyptian religious scholar, spiritual guide of al-Jamaah al-Islamiyyah, and radical Islamist. Accused of leading the Egyptian Jihad Organization, which assassinated President ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdolkarim Soroush (Biography)

    Behrooz Ghamari-Tabrizi Abdolkarim Soroush founded one of the most important intellectual movements in Iran. This article traces the development of his thought through three ...

    Source: The Oxford Handbook of Islam and Politics

  • Abdul Rahman, Tunku (Biography)

    First prime minister of independent Malaysia and leader of United Malays National Organization. Was committed to a secularist vision of the Malaysian nation and ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdulhamid II (Biography)

    (d. 1918 ) Thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan (r. 1876 – 1909 ). His reign faced overwhelming difficulties: an insolvent treasury, violent nationalist movements in the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdullah, Sheikh Muhammad (Biography)

    (d. 1982 ) Kashmiri political leader, twice chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir State in India ( 1948 – 53 , 1975 – 82 ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdulmejid, Sultan (Biography)

    (r. 1922 – 24 ) Descendant of Ottoman dynasty installed as caliph by Turkish Grand National Assembly, although not acknowledged as sultan. Appointment led ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdurrahman Wahid (Biography)

    Elected as Indonesia's fourth president in 1999 , Abdurrahman Wahid ( b. 1940 ) is an influential Muslim intellectual leader, as well as a ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abdus Salam (Biography)

    An unsophisticated home environment notwithstanding, he rapidly outpaced his teachers, who recognized and respected the young boy’s talent for physics and mathematics. Winning a ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • ABIM (Subject Entry)

    Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia or Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement. Founded in 1972 . Major objectives include establishment and propagation of Islamic tenets and principles ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • ABIM (Subject Entry)

    Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (the Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement, ABIM) was officially registered on August 17, 1972, in Selangor state, after operating as a ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abu Bakr, Yasin (Biography)

    Leader of radical Black Muslim organization Jamaat al-Muslimin in Trinidad. Led July 1990 storming of the parliament building in Port of Spain, taking the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Sayyaf (Subject Entry)

    An extremist separatist movement in southern Philippines. Known for cruelty, violence, kidnapping, extortion, and ransom demands. Has targeted foreign tourists in particular. Since spring ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Sayyaf Group (Subject Entry)

    The Abu Sayyaf Group (Bearer of the Sword or ASG) is a small, violent Islamic separatist group based in the Philippines. It was founded ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abū Zahrah, Muḥammad (Biography)

    He was born in El-Mahalla El-Kubra and attended elementary school at the Ahmadi School. He later studied at the Madrasat al-Qadāʾ al-Sharʿī for eight ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

  • Abu Zayd, Nasir Hamid (Biography)

    Nasir Hamid Abu Zayd ( b. 1943 ) is an Egyptianscholar whose views on the Qurʿān provoked controversy in the 1990s. He was born ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Accountability, Parliament, and Ijtihad (Primary Source)

    Pakistan was created in 1947 as a Muslim homeland for South Asians, but its founders disagreed whether the new nation should be organized democratically ...

    By: S. M. Zafar

  • Adalet ve Kalkinma Partisi (AKP) (Subject Entry)

    The Justice and Development Party ( JDP ), known in Turkey by its Turkish acronym, AKP ( Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi ), was formed ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Adat (Subject Entry)

    One of the most important elements of Islamic society in Southeast Asia is adat (Ar., ʿādāt ), which denotes refined culture and more specifically ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

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