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Displaying: a i - abr

  • A'ishah (Biography)

    614 – 678 Third wife of Muhammad A'ishah was the third and youngest wife of the Prophet Muhammad. Born in Mecca, she was the ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought, The Royal (Subject Entry)

    The Royal Aal al-Bayt Institute for Islamic Thought is an independent non-governmental institute headquartered in Amman, Jordan, whose ultimate purpose is to serve Islam ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

  • Abbasid (Image) Includes image

    Muqarnas vault in the so-called Abbasid palace, Baghdad, early 13th century; photo credit: Sheila S. Blair and Jonathan M. Bloom ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Abbasid (Subject Entry) Includes image

    Islamic dynasty that ruled from several capitals in Iraq between 749 and 1258 . The Abbasids traced their descent from al-῾Abbas, the uncle of ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Abbasid Caliphate (Subject Entry)

    The Abbasids were descendants of al-Abbas, an uncle of Muhammad . Abbasid caliphs ruled much of the Muslim world from 750 to 1258 . ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • ῾Abd al-Hayy (Biography)

    ( fl. c. 1374 ; d. Samarkand , 1405 ). Illustrator and painter . According to the Safavid chronicler Dust Muhammad, ῾Abd al-Hayy trained ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (Biography)

    (r. 685 – 705 ) Umayyad caliph responsible for standardizing imperial coinage and collecting a corpus of hadith to be interpreted by appointed faqihs ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abd al-Muttalib ibn Hashim (Biography)

    (d. ca. 578 ) Muhammad 's grandfather. Cared for Muhammad after the deaths of his parents. Died when Muhammad was eight. Credited by hadith ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abd al-Qadir (Biography)

    (d. 1883 ) Algerian independence leader, Sufi mystic, and poet. Born in Algeria to a notable Moroccan family. Became involved in the Algerian independence ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abd al-Qadir (Biography)

    1808 – 1883 Military leader , scholar , poet Abd al-Qadir led Algerian resistance to French colonization for nearly two decades. Born in Algeria ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abd al-Rahman, Aisha (Biography)

    (b. 1913 ) Also known as Bint al-Shati . Egyptian writer and professor of Arabic language and literature and Quranic studies. Wrote more than ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abd al-Raziq, Ali (Biography)

    (d. 1966 ) Egyptian qadi, intellectual, and author. Born to a powerful and wealthy landowning family in Minya, Abd al-Raziq received both Western and ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abd Allah ibn Umar ibn al-Khattab (Biography)

    (d. 693 ) Companion of the Prophet Muhammad and son of the second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab . Prominent authority in hadith and law. ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdel Rahman, Omar (Biography)

    (b. 1938 ) Egyptian religious scholar, spiritual guide of al-Jamaah al-Islamiyyah, and radical Islamist. Accused of leading the Egyptian Jihad Organization, which assassinated President ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    (d. 1905 ) Egyptian scholar, journalist, theologian, jurist, grand mufti, and reformer, regarded as an architect of Islamic modernism. Educated at al-Azhar University. Adherent ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    1849 – 1905 Egyptian scholar , reformer Many scholars consider Muhammad Abduh the architect of Islamic modernism. His early years included a traditional education ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abdülhamid II (Biography)

    Abdülhamid II ( 1842 – 1918 ) was the thirty-fourth Ottoman sultan ( r. 1876 – 1909 ). A profound political and economic crisis ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abraha (Biography)

    Ruled in sixth-century Yemen on behalf of the Negus of Abyssinia. Attacked Mecca in 570 . His assault was, according to the Quran (surah ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abraham (Biography)

    ca. 2000 B.C.E. Patriarch of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abraham is considered the patriarch, or founding father, of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. According to ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abraham (Subject Entry)

    Arabic Ibrahim . Original monotheist, purifier of God's house, builder of the Kaaba, and first Muslim. Preached against idolatry and sin. Rewarded by God ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

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