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Displaying: abd - ada

  • Abd al-Aziz, Shah (Biography)

    (d. 1824 ) Indian Islamic scholar and son of Shah Wali Allah (d. 1762 ), the foremost alim of eighteenth-century India. Prolific author of ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abd Allah ibn Saba (Biography)

    Enigmatic alleged founder of Shii Islam (advocating rule by Muhammad 's nephew Ali ). His origins and political role are contested in early sources. ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    1849 – 1905 Egyptian scholar , reformer Many scholars consider Muhammad Abduh the architect of Islamic modernism. His early years included a traditional education ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    (d. 1905 ) Egyptian scholar, journalist, theologian, jurist, grand mufti, and reformer, regarded as an architect of Islamic modernism. Educated at al-Azhar University. Adherent ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdus Salam (Biography)

    An unsophisticated home environment notwithstanding, he rapidly outpaced his teachers, who recognized and respected the young boy’s talent for physics and mathematics. Winning a ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Abraha (Biography)

    Ruled in sixth-century Yemen on behalf of the Negus of Abyssinia. Attacked Mecca in 570 . His assault was, according to the Quran (surah ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abraham (Subject Entry)

    Arabic Ibrahim . Original monotheist, purifier of God's house, builder of the Kaaba, and first Muslim. Preached against idolatry and sin. Rewarded by God ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abrogation (Subject Entry)

    See Naskh ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abū Bakr (Biography)

    The first caliph ( khalīfah ), or successor to the Prophet Muḥammad, ruled for only two years ( 632 – 634 ), but his ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abu Bakr al-Siddiq (Biography)

    (r. 632 – 34 ) First Sunni caliph, father of Muhammad 's wife Aishah , and one of four “rightly guided” caliphs in Sunni ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (Biography)

    (d. 652 ) Companion of the Prophet and subject of modern ideological debate. Shiis emphasize his criticism of the Umayyads and his early liaison ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Hurayrah (Biography)

    Companion of Muhammad and important transmitter of hadith. Nickname (meaning “father of the little female cat”) given to him by Muhammad due to his ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Jahl (Biography)

    (d. 624 ) Member of the ruling Quraysh of Mecca and one of early Islam's staunchest enemies. Attempted to do physical harm to the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Lahab (Biography)

    Enemy of the Prophet Muhammad , he was the brother of Muhammad's father. Name means “father of fire” and is one of the few ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Sufyan (Biography)

    Wealthy and powerful seventh-century leader of Mecca and tribe of Quraysh. Led caravan that fought and was defeated by forces of Muhammad in the ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Talib (Biography)

    (d. ca. 619 ) Muhammad 's uncle, protector, and guardian after the death of his parents. According to tradition, he was present when Muhammad ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah (Biography)

    (d. 639 ) Companion of the Prophet and one of the ten to whom paradise was promised by him. Played an important role in ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Zayd, Nasir Hamid (Biography)

    Nasir Hamid Abu Zayd ( b. 1943 ) is an Egyptianscholar whose views on the Qurʿān provoked controversy in the 1990s. He was born ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Accountability, Parliament, and Ijtihad (Primary Source)

    Pakistan was created in 1947 as a Muslim homeland for South Asians, but its founders disagreed whether the new nation should be organized democratically ...

    By: S. M. Zafar

  • Adam (Biography)

    First human being. Created to be God's vicegerent (steward) on earth. The Quran records Adam's fall from grace as the result of disobedience to ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

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