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Displaying: abd - alh

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    1849 – 1905 Egyptian scholar , reformer Many scholars consider Muhammad Abduh the architect of Islamic modernism. His early years included a traditional education ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abdus Salam (Biography)

    An unsophisticated home environment notwithstanding, he rapidly outpaced his teachers, who recognized and respected the young boy’s talent for physics and mathematics. Winning a ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Abortion (Subject Entry)

    Muslim jurists uniformly hold abortion to be blameworthy but permissible under certain conditions. Ensoulment of the fetus is understood to occur 120 days after ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abortion (Subject Entry)

    Legal experts define abortion as the deliberate expulsion of the fetus from the womb prematurely and artificially without the presence of any need for ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Abortion (Subject Entry)

    Abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy. Because it ends a developing life, abortion raises ethical and legal issues. It is a highly ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abortion (Subject Entry)

    Legal experts define abortion as the deliberate expulsion of the fetus from the womb prematurely and artificially without the presence of any need for ...

    Source: The [Oxford] Encyclopedia of Islam and Law

  • Abortion (Subject Entry)

    Background Abortion refers to the procedure for terminating a pregnancy before the fetus has reached viability, that is, able to survive independently. An abortion ...

    Source: Oxford Islamic Studies Online

  • Adab al-Tabib (Subject Entry)

    See Bioethics ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Aesthetic Theory (Subject Entry)

    There was a well-developed discussion of aesthetics in classical Islam, especially with respect to literature. Indeed, one of the most popular proofs for the ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn (Biography)

    One of the most important figures of modern Islam, Sayyid Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī is considered the founding father of several intellectual and political trends, ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Agricultural Sciences (Subject Entry)

    In order to understand the extent of the agricultural revolution that Islam brought about, it is important to look at the state of agriculture ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Agriculture (Subject Entry)

    There are thirty-four countries with both significant agricultural sectors and majority Muslim populations. They form a broad band running from west to east across ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Ahmed Nakşi (Biography)

    ( fl. 1619 – 22 ). Ottoman painter and astrologer . Employed as the official timekeeper at the Süleymaniye Mosque in Istanbul, he was ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Akhlāq (Subject Entry)

    See Ethics . ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Alchemy (Subject Entry)

    The term alchemy refers to certain “scientific” ideas and practices of the medieval world. Alchemists believed it was possible to change common metals such ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Alchemy (Subject Entry)

    Arabic ilm al-kimiyah . The science of alchemy combined occult practices, such as the transformation of the spirit, with scientific concerns and methodologies, but ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Alchemy (Subject Entry)

    From the perspective of the history of science, alchemy can legitimately be considered an Islamic creation. Notwithstanding some developments in ancient China, it was ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Alchemy (Subject Entry)

    The word alchemy derives from the Arabic al-kīmiyā , whose etymology is still open to question. Some believe it is derived from the Egyptian ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Algebra (Subject Entry)

    Also called “abstract algebra” or “modern algebra,” algebra has a central place in modern mathematics. Not only is it one of the principal branches ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Alhazen (Biography)

    See Ibn al-Haytham, Abu Ali al-Hasan ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

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