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Displaying: a i - afg

  • A'ishah (Biography)

    614 – 678 Third wife of Muhammad A'ishah was the third and youngest wife of the Prophet Muhammad. Born in Mecca, she was the ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abbasid Dynasty, Role in Law (Subject Entry)

    The Abbasids (750–1258 c.e .) seized power after a “revolution” that broke out in Khorāsān (Eastern Iran) in 747, under the leadership of Abū ...

    Source: The [Oxford] Encyclopedia of Islam and Law

  • Abd al-Jabbar, Qadi (Biography)

    (d. 1024 ) Prominent Mutazili theologian. An adherent of the Shafii school of law, he was appointed chief justice (qadi) under the Buwayhids. His ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    1849 – 1905 Egyptian scholar , reformer Many scholars consider Muhammad Abduh the architect of Islamic modernism. His early years included a traditional education ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abduh, Muhammad (Biography)

    (d. 1905 ) Egyptian scholar, journalist, theologian, jurist, grand mufti, and reformer, regarded as an architect of Islamic modernism. Educated at al-Azhar University. Adherent ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abdus Salam (Biography)

    An unsophisticated home environment notwithstanding, he rapidly outpaced his teachers, who recognized and respected the young boy’s talent for physics and mathematics. Winning a ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Abu Dharr al-Ghifari (Biography)

    (d. 652 ) Companion of the Prophet and subject of modern ideological debate. Shiis emphasize his criticism of the Umayyads and his early liaison ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Hanifah (Biography)

    699 – 767 Scholar and jurist Legal scholar Abu Hanifah is celebrated as the founder of the Hanafi, considered by many to be the ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • Abu Hanifah, al-Numan ibn Thabit ibn Zuta (Biography)

    (d. 767 ) Founder of Hanafi school of Islamic law. Native of Kufa, Iraq, although of Persian descent. Studied jurisprudence under a student of ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abu Yusuf (Biography)

    (d. 798 ) Nickname for Yaqub ibn Ibrahim al-Ansari . Student of legist Abu Hanifah . Spread influence of Hanafi school through his writings ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Abū Zahrah, Muḥammad (Biography)

    Muḥammad Abū Zahrah ( 1898 – 1974 ) was an Egyptian scholar of the Shariah and a biographer of the imams of juristic schools ...

    Source: The [Oxford] Encyclopedia of Islam and Law

  • Abu Zayd, Nasir Hamid (Biography)

    Nasir Hamid Abu Zayd ( b. 1943 ) is an Egyptianscholar whose views on the Qurʿān provoked controversy in the 1990s. He was born ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Adat (Subject Entry)

    One of the most important elements of Islamic society in Southeast Asia is adat (Ar., ʿādāt ), which denotes refined culture and more specifically ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

  • Adl wa'l-Hasan, al- (Biography)

    See Yasin, Abd al-Salam ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Advice (Primary Source)

    Shaykh al-Amin bin ‘Ali Mazrui (Kenya, 1890–1947) was the scion of a long line of religious scholars from the large Mazrui clan, which had ...

    By: Shaykh al-Amin bin ‘Ali al-Mazrui

  • Advocate (Subject Entry)

    Early modern European observers of Ottoman court procedures often marveled at the efficiency of Ottoman courts, especially in matters of criminal law. They claimed ...

    Source: The [Oxford] Encyclopedia of Islam and Law

  • Aesthetic Theory (Subject Entry)

    There was a well-developed discussion of aesthetics in classical Islam, especially with respect to literature. Indeed, one of the most popular proofs for the ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Aesthetics (Subject Entry)

    Arabic ilm al-jamal. Until modern times there has been no systematic Islamic theory of aesthetics or of fine arts, although historically poetry, music, and ...

    Source: The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

  • Aesthetics (Subject Entry)

    Branch of philosophy concerned primarily with the arts, with concepts of natural beauty and the appreciation of nature. Whereas an important body of literature ...

    Source: The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art and Architecture

  • Afghānī, Jamāl al-Dīn (Biography)

    One of the most important figures of modern Islam, Sayyid Jamāl al-Dīn al-Afghānī is considered the founding father of several intellectual and political trends, ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

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