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  • The Early Caliphate and the Question of Legitimacy (Chaptered Work) Includes image

    It was widely accepted in the early community of Believers that Muhammad could have no successor in his role as Prophet. But the early ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam; from chapter Muhammad and the Caliphate

  • The Early Caliphate and the Question of Legitimacy (Image) Includes image

    Interior of the Great Mosque at Qayrawan in Tunisia. Founded in the late seventh century, the mosque owes much of its present aspect to ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

  • The Early Caliphate and the Question of Legitimacy (Image) Includes image

    The golden dome of the shrine at Karbala in Iraq marks the burial site of the Prophet's grandson Husayn and his family, who were ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

  • Early Expansion of the Community and State (Chaptered Work)

    Upon Muhammad's death in 632, the young community of Believers faced a set of difficult challenges. The first and most basic challenge was to ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam; from chapter Muhammad and the Caliphate

  • Early Life and Education (Chaptered Work)

    After an early traditional Islamic education at the mosque school, al-Faruqi attended a French Catholic school, College des Freres (St. Joseph) in Palestine. This ...

    Source: Makers of Contemporary Islam; from chapter Ismail Ragi Al-Faruqi

  • Early Life and Formation (Chaptered Work)

    Rachid al-Ghannoushi Khriji was born in 1941 outside of a small village, al-Hama, in the province of Qabis in southern Tunisia. His father was ...

    Source: Makers of Contemporary Islam; from chapter Rachid Ghannoushi

  • The Early Muslim Kingdoms of Aceh (Chaptered Work) Includes image

    Aceh was the first region of modern-day Indonesia in which Muslim kingdoms were founded. Marco Polo observed a Muslim king on the north coast ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam; from chapter The Eastward Journey of Muslim Kingship

  • The Early Muslim Kingdoms of Aceh (Image) Includes image

    ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

  • Earth Sciences (Image) Includes image

    Figure 1: Ibn Sīnā’s interpretation of geological processes (Al-Rawi, 2001). ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • Earth Sciences (Subject Entry) Includes image

    Islamic contributions to earth sciences were pioneered during the tenth century ce . The prominent Muslim philosophers and natural scientists of that period were ...

    Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

  • East Africa (Subject Entry)

    East Africa includes the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Tanzania, and Uganda. Islam came to the region in the early 700s, eventually ...

    Source: The Islamic World: Past and Present

  • East Africa (Subject Entry)

    Introduction to the Region The region examined in this article encompasses the following countries: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania (including Zanzibar). Although ...

    Source: The [Oxford] Encyclopedia of Islam and Law

  • East Africa, Conversion to Islam in (Subject Entry)

    From the nineteenth to the middle of the twentieth century, the Qādirīyah and Shādhilīyah ṣūfī brotherhoods ( ṭarīqa ) were the principal vehicles of ...

    Source: Oxford Islamic Studies Online

  • East Africa, Language and Islamic Culture in (Subject Entry)

    The geographic position of the East African coast on the rim of the Indian Ocean has historically facilitated its contact with peoples from across ...

    Source: Oxford Islamic Studies Online

  • The East African Coast (Chaptered Work) Includes image

    The story of Islam on the East African coast is told by a mosque at Shanga in the Lamu archipelago (off the eastern coast ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam; from chapter Islam in Africa to 1800

  • The East African Coast (Image) Includes image

    Islam came to East Africa primarily from Yemen and the Hadramawt on the south coast of Arabia. Muslim sailors crossed the Indian Ocean in ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

  • The East African Coast (Image) Includes image

    Many Muslims came to East Africa from India in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, when both regions were part of the British Empire. Muslims ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

  • Eastern Sudan (Chaptered Work)

    The defeat of the Arabs in 652 before the walls of the Nubian capital was the worst that they suffered during their conquests. The ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam; from chapter Islam in Africa to 1800

  • The Eastward Journey of Muslim Kingship (Chaptered Work) Includes image

    Islam is above all a pan-Asian religion. It shapes the beliefs and practices of millions of Asians, from Central to South to Southeast Asia. ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

  • The Eastward Journey of Muslim Kingship (Image) Includes image

    (Left) The Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628–66) considered himself the apogee of the dynasty that the great steppe conqueror Timur had founded 250 ...

    Source: The Oxford History of Islam

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