Citation for Sultanates and Gunpowder Empires

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

Lapidus, Ira M. . "Sultanates and Gunpowder Empires." In The Oxford History of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. 23-Jan-2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/book/islam-9780195107999/islam-9780195107999-chapter-8>.

Chicago

Lapidus, Ira M. . "Sultanates and Gunpowder Empires." In The Oxford History of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/book/islam-9780195107999/islam-9780195107999-chapter-8 (accessed 23-Jan-2021).

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