Citation for THE SPOILS

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

Arberry, Arthur J. , trans. "THE SPOILS." In The Koran Interpreted. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Oct 20, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/book/islam-9780192835017/islam-9780192835017-chapter-8>.

Chicago

Arberry, Arthur J. , trans. "THE SPOILS." In The Koran Interpreted. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/book/islam-9780192835017/islam-9780192835017-chapter-8 (accessed Oct 20, 2019).

8 THE SPOILS (1 – 29)

In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate

They will question thee concerning the spoils. Say: ‘The spoils belong to God and the Messenger; so fear you God, and set things right between you, and obey you God and His Messenger, if you are believers.’ Those only are believers who, when God is mentioned, their hearts quake, and when His signs are recited to them, it increases them in faith, and in their Lord they put their trust, those who perform the prayer, and expend of what We have provided them, those in truth are the believers; they have degrees with their Lord, and forgiveness, and generous provision.

5As thy Lord brought thee forth from thy house with the truth, and a part of the believers were averse to it, disputing with thee concerning the truth after it had become clear, as though they were being driven into death with their eyes wide open. And when God promised you one of the two parties should be yours, and you were wishing that the one not accoutred should be yours; but God was desiring to verify the truth by His words, and to cut off the unbelievers to the last remnant, and that He might verify the truth and prove untrue the untrue, though the sinners were averse to it. When you were calling upon your Lord for succour, and He answered you, ‘I shall reinforce you with a thousand angels riding behind you.’

10God wrought this not, save as good tidings and that your hearts thereby might be at rest; help comes only from God; surely God is All-mighty, All-wise. When He was causing slumber to overcome you as a security from Him, and sending down on you water from heaven, to purify you thereby, and to put away from you the defilement of Satan, and to strengthen your hearts, and to confirm your feet. When thy Lord was revealing to the angels, ‘I am with you; so confirm the believers. I shall cast into the unbelievers’ hearts terror; so smite above the necks, and smite every finger of them!’ That, because they had made a breach with God and with His Messenger; and whosoever makes a breach with God and with His Messenger, surely God is terrible in retribution. That for you; therefore taste it; and that the chastisement of the Fire is for the unbelievers.

15O believers, when you encounter the unbelievers marching to battle, turn not your backs to them. Whoso turns his back that day to them, unless withdrawing to fight again or removing to join another host, he is laden with the burden of God's anger, and his refuge is Gehenna— an evil homecoming!

You did not slay them, but God slew them; and when thou threwest, it was not thyself that threw, but God threw, and that He might confer on the believers a fair benefit; surely God is All-hearing, All-knowing. That for you; and that God weakens the unbelievers’ guile.

If victory you are seeking, victory has already come upon you; and if you give over, it is better for you. But if you return, We shall return, and your host will avail you nothing though it be numerous; and that God is with the believers.

20O believers, obey God and His Messenger, and do not turn away from Him, even as you are listening; and be not as those who say, ‘We hear,’ and they hear not. Surely the worst of beasts in God's sight are those that are deaf and dumb and do not understand. If God had known of any good in them He would have made them hear; and if He had made them hear, they would have turned away, swerving aside. O believers, respond to God and the Messenger when He calls you unto that which will give you life; and know that God stands between a man and his heart, and that to Him you shall be mustered. 25And fear a trial which shall surely not smite in particular the evildoers among you; and know that God is terrible in retribution. And remember when you were few and abased in the land, and were fearful that the people would snatch you away; but He gave you refuge, and confirmed you with His help, and provided you with the good things, that haply you might be thankful. O believers, betray not God and the Messenger, and betray not your trusts and that wittingly; and know that your wealth and your children are a trial, and that with God is a mighty wage. O believers, if you fear God, He will assign you a salvation, and acquit you of your evil deeds, and forgive you; and God is of bounty abounding.

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