Citation for Abd

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Abd." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Oct 17, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1>.

Chicago

"Abd." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1 (accessed Oct 17, 2019).

Abd

Slave. Common element in Muslim names, followed by one of the divine names of God—for example, Abd al-Rahman, Abd al-Halim, Abdullah. Also an epithet of the Prophet. Denotes total subservience and obedience to God.

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