Citation for Abd el-Krim, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Abd el-Krim, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jul 6, 2020. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e12>.

Chicago

"Abd el-Krim, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e12 (accessed Jul 6, 2020).

Abd el-Krim, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi

(d. 1963 )

Moroccan leader of the Rif Rebellion and Islamic reformer. Eldest son of a notable family in a Berber-speaking tribe of northern Morocco, Abd el-Krim and his Moroccan troops soundly defeated Spanish forces under General Silvestre at the Battle of Anual ( 1921 ), initiating the Rif Rebellion. Influenced by Salafi ideas, he declared a republic based on Islamic law ( 1923 ) and sought to eliminate Sufism. At its zenith, the Rifian state included most of the Spanish protectorate and a portion of the French protectorate. In 1926 Spanish and French armies defeated Abd el-Krim's forces and disbanded the republic. He died in self-exile in Cairo.

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