Citation for Justice, Social

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..


"Justice, Social." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jul 6, 2020. <>.


"Justice, Social." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed Jul 6, 2020).

Justice, Social

In nineteenth-century Muslim thought, the concept of social justice was a product of two interchangeable factors: prevailing backward social and economic conditions that did not attract the serious attention of the traditional ulama class, and Western domination that neglected to ameliorate the social conditions of the dominated people as a whole. It focused on poverty, indigence, and helplessness among the Muslim population in the context of colonialism. In the twentieth century, the issue became more sharply defined, especially with the extensive migration of peasants from the countryside to urban areas; the Muslim Brotherhood was founded ( 1928 ) against the background of endemic social crises in Egyptian and Arab societies. Sayyid Qutb 's Social Justice in Islam enumerates the following principles: absolute freedom of conscience, complete equality of all people, and the permanent mutual responsibility of society. According to him, justice is not always concerned solely with the interests of the individual; Islam is also against monopoly, usury, corruption, wastefulness, and luxury.

© Oxford University Press 2007-2008. All Rights Reserved