Citation for Ma Ba

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

" Ma Ba ." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jul 10, 2020. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1360>.

Chicago

" Ma Ba ." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1360 (accessed Jul 10, 2020).

Ma Ba

(d. 1867 )

Senegalese religious leader whose 1862 declaration of holy war against “compromising” local Muslims inspired many Islamic converts and similar movements in West Africa. Although his revivalist efforts brought him into conflict with France, a local non-Muslim chief killed him to gain control of the West African kingdom of Salum. Today his tomb is a pilgrimage center.

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