Citation for Angels

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"Angels." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. May 25, 2022. <>.


"Angels." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, (accessed May 25, 2022).


God's messengers who may intercede with Him, but only with His permission. The Quran describes them as having hands and two, three, or four wings, and not eating. Some have specific functions, such as Gabriel (Jibril) bringing divine revelation to Muhammad and the angel of death (traditionally known as Izrail). Michael (Mikail) is believed to be the same rank as Gabriel. May serve as messengers, guardians over humans, and keepers of the inventory of good and bad deeds. Some traditionists make belief in angels an article of faith. Made of light, but not necessarily perfect, they are distinct from satans and jinn.

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