Citation for Pact of Umar

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Pact of Umar." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Oct 17, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1803>.

Chicago

"Pact of Umar." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1803 (accessed Oct 17, 2019).

Pact of Umar

Treaty attributed to the second caliph, Umar ibn Khattab (d. 644 ), regulating the activities of non-Muslims. Serves as a model for contemporary revivalist groups seeking to control non-Muslim social and religious life.

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