Citation for Qaddafi, Muammar al-

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Qaddafi, Muammar al-." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Sep 24, 2020. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1902>.

Chicago

"Qaddafi, Muammar al-." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1902 (accessed Sep 24, 2020).

Qaddafi, Muammar al-

(b. 1942 )

Libyan political leader. Rose to power after a coup that overthrew the monarchy in 1969 . Put forth idiosyncratic religio-political views in his Green Book. Argued that democracy must be direct and participatory. Viewed Islam as the natural religion for meeting the individual's and humanity's needs. Critical of the ulama and Sufi orders. Actively supported various self-styled liberation struggles in the 1970s and 1980s and Islamic activism in the 1990s.

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