Citation for Ray

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Ray." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jan 23, 2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1989>.

Chicago

"Ray." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e1989 (accessed Jan 23, 2021).

Ray

Expedient and free reasoning in the field of Islamic law. Practiced as a means of exercising ijtihad in the early years of Islam but was soon replaced by emphasis on careful analogical or syllogistic reasoning (qiyas).

See also Ijtihad; Qiyas

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