Citation for Siffin, Battle of

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Siffin, Battle of." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Nov 29, 2021. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2206>.

Chicago

"Siffin, Battle of." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e2206 (accessed Nov 29, 2021).

Siffin, Battle of

Battle in 657 between two Muslim armies, the Iraqi forces of Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib and the Syrian forces of the governor, Muawiyah . The two were reluctant to fight each other initially but engaged in battle after a seventy-seven-day stalemate. The battle ended in extensive bloodshed on both sides followed by an arbitration agreement. The Kharijis split from Ali due to the lack of a decisive victory. A major step toward the establishment of the Umayyad caliphate.

© Oxford University Press 2007-2008. All Rights Reserved