Citation for Bayah

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Bayah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Dec 16, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e316>.

Chicago

"Bayah." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e316 (accessed Dec 16, 2019).

Bayah

Oath of allegiance to a leader. Unwritten pact given on behalf of the subjects by leading members of the tribe with the understanding that, as long as the leader abides by certain responsibilities toward his subjects, they are to maintain their allegiance to him. Representatives usually include religious scholars and political leaders. Bayah is still practiced in countries such as Saudi Arabia and Morocco. Like other concepts of classical tribal Islam, bayah is experiencing change as traditional tribal communities transform themselves into modern administrative states.

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