Citation for Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

" Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Aug 20, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e4>.

Chicago

" Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e4 (accessed Aug 20, 2019).

Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan

(r. 685 – 705 )

Umayyad caliph responsible for standardizing imperial coinage and collecting a corpus of hadith to be interpreted by appointed faqihs (Muslim jurists), causing hadith to emerge as a cornerstone of Islamic scholarship. Arabized and centralized the state administration, creating a new class of bureaucrats; the Arabization program led to the development of Arabic-language sciences, particularly adab literature, and the emergence of Arabic as the empire's official language. Sponsored public art featuring Islamic themes. During his reign, the Dome of the Rock was constructed, Jerusalem was appropriated as a holy place for Islam, and the first Arabic-script coinage of the Islamic empire was struck.

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