Citation for Defter

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Defter." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Jul 6, 2020. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e516>.

Chicago

"Defter." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e516 (accessed Jul 6, 2020).

Defter

Also spelled daftar. A bound or stitched notebook, booklet, or register. After the ninth century the term is used primarily in reference to fiscal, military, and diplomatic administrative registers and record books. All extant collections of defters are those of the Ottoman Empire, although individual ones from elsewhere have survived.

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