Citation for Aesthetics

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Aesthetics." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Nov 20, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e53>.

Chicago

"Aesthetics." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e53 (accessed Nov 20, 2019).

Aesthetics

Arabic ilm al-jamal. Until modern times there has been no systematic Islamic theory of aesthetics or of fine arts, although historically poetry, music, and the visual arts often demonstrate commonly held ideals of beauty based on rules of poesy, harmony, or ideal form. Aesthetic concepts such as unity, harmony, symmetry, spirituality, ideal form, and rationality often appear in Islamic critical writing, although without a systematic philosophical approach.

© Oxford University Press 2007-2008. All Rights Reserved