Citation for Ibn Abd Allah, Muhammad Ahmad

Citation styles are based on the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th Ed., and the MLA Style Manual, 2nd Ed..

MLA

"Ibn Abd Allah, Muhammad Ahmad." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. Ed. John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Oct 19, 2019. <http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e917>.

Chicago

"Ibn Abd Allah, Muhammad Ahmad." In The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. , edited by John L. Esposito. Oxford Islamic Studies Online, http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t125/e917 (accessed Oct 19, 2019).

Ibn Abd Allah, Muhammad Ahmad

(d. 1885 )

Sudanese militant revivalist and reformer. Proclaimed himself Mahdi (divinely appointed guide) in 1881 . Led a jihad against the Egyptians and their European allies in the 1880s. Preached against corruption of Islam in Sudan and adoption of foreign (Turko-Egyptian, European, and local non-Islamic) practices. Established an Islamic state over most of Sudan patterned on the original seventh-century political entity founded by Muhammad . Interpreted his victories as a sign of God's favor. Declared shariah the only valid law. After his death, the state he created lasted until Sudan was conquered by Anglo-Egyptian forces in 1898 – 99 .

© Oxford University Press 2007-2008. All Rights Reserved